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IN TROD UC TION jf O f
The Rectangular Coordinate System in the Plane and Its Application to Simple Problems
Transformation of Rectangular Coordinates
284 other sections not shown
abscissa absolute value angle antiderivative arbitrary constants arctan argument axis Bernoulli scheme called circle coefficients condition Consequently consider continuous function converges coordinate axes Corollary corresponding curve defined definite integral denote derivative determine differentiable function differential equation discrete random variable domain double integral elementary outcomes ellipse equal to zero event Example expression extremum finite number formula Fourier series func function f geometrical given function graph Hence hyperbola increment independent variable indeterminate form inequality infinite infinitesimal instance inverse function limit line integral linear mathematical expectation neighbourhood Newton-Leibniz formula Note obtain obviously parabola parameter parametric equations particular solution point x0 polar coordinates probability problem quantity random variable real numbers rectangular coordinates represents respect right-hand member scalar segment straight line tangent theorem tion triangle vertical x-axis