A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States

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Brookings Institution Press, Aug 7, 2001 - Political Science - 304 pages
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Turkey is a longstanding ally of the United States and Europe. After the demise of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic importance has changed but not diminished. Today Turkey is facing a completely different foreign and security policy environment. However, Turkey is also undergoing extraordinary internal change. Many established political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long tradition are increasingly questioned by a growing part of its people. Above all, there is the rise of political Islam and the ensuing clash of ideologies between "secularists" and "Islamists" as well as the debate about Turkey's "Kurdish reality."

Turkey's allies will have to respond to this development by adapting their policies. Nothing less than a re-evaluation and, eventually, a re-orientation in relations with both the United States and Europe is required if Turkey is to remain anchored in the West.

This book undertakes a comprehensive overview and analysis of Turkey's internal and external changes and provides elements of a new European and American policy toward a key strategic partner.

 

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Contents

The Kemalist Model of Shaping Politics and Society
3
The Awakening of Society Between Tradition and Modernity
11
The Slow Adaptation of the Political System
24
The Myth of National Homogeneity and the Kurdish Reality
37
The Revival of Political Islam
55
Toward a New Sociopolitical Synthesis
85
Turkish Foreign and Security Policy after the Cold War
93
Central Asia and the Caspian Basin Energy Business and Kinship
97
Relations with Greece and the Cyprus Problem
163
Europe Still the Desired Land?
181
Turkey in the Western Security System Asset or Liability?
202
European and American Policy toward Turkey
221
The Current Situation Policiesy Motives and Limitations
223
The Challenge Anchoring Turkey in the West
236
Notes
249
Index
295

The Middle East Between Involvement and Active Engagement
117
The Balkans Old Challenges New Opportunities
146

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Page viii - Most importantly, the author would like to thank the German Marshall Fund of the United States for its support of this effort.

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About the author (2001)

Heinz Kramer, one of Germany's leading analysts of Turkish affairs, is a senior research analyst at Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik in Ebenhausen.

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