A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States
Turkey is a longstanding ally of the United States and Europe. After the demise of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic importance has changed but not diminished. Today Turkey is facing a completely different foreign and security policy environment. However, Turkey is also undergoing extraordinary internal change. Many established political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long tradition are increasingly questioned by a growing part of its people. Above all, there is the rise of political Islam and the ensuing clash of ideologies between "secularists" and "Islamists" as well as the debate about Turkey's "Kurdish reality."
Turkey's allies will have to respond to this development by adapting their policies. Nothing less than a re-evaluation and, eventually, a re-orientation in relations with both the United States and Europe is required if Turkey is to remain anchored in the West.
This book undertakes a comprehensive overview and analysis of Turkey's internal and external changes and provides elements of a new European and American policy toward a key strategic partner.
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The Slow Adaptation of the Political System
The Myth of National Homogeneity and the Kurdish Reality
The Revival of Political Islam
Toward a New Sociopolitical Synthesis
Turkish Foreign and Security Policy after the Cold War
Central Asia and the Caspian Basin Energy Business and Kinship
Relations with Greece and the Cyprus Problem
Europe Still the Desired Land?
Turkey in the Western Security System Asset or Liability?
European and American Policy toward Turkey
The Current Situation Policiesy Motives and Limitations
The Challenge Anchoring Turkey in the West
The Middle East Between Involvement and Active Engagement
The Balkans Old Challenges New Opportunities