A climate modelling primer
This is the first self-contained introduction to climate modelling. Assuming only a basic algebra background, this text provides a history and introduction to climate models and describes such model types as energy balance, radiative-convective, two-dimensional, and general circulation. Stresses the importance of simple models of the climate and their value in testing and extending the concepts upon which much more complex models are founded. Written for an interdisciplinary audience rather than for specialists in atmosphere science, this treatment shows how to judge the credibility of different model types and when and how to apply the results of modelling exercises.
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Energy balance models
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absorption aerosols American Meteorological Society Atmos atmospheric CO2 calculated carbon dioxide cartesian grid Chapter circulation climate models climate sensitivity climate system climatic change cloud albedo cloud amount cloud cover coefficient complex components computed convective convective adjustment cryosphere decrease described diffusion dynamics Earth eddy emission energy balance energy balance model equation equilibrium evaporation example fraction function Geophys global climate model greenhouse effect height hemisphere Henderson-Sellers horizontal ice sheet incorporated interactions land surface lapse rate large scale latitude zone latitudinal longwave meridional mixed layer mixing ratio moisture momentum observed ocean parameter perturbation precipitation prediction processes radiative relative humidity resolution response sea-ice seasonal shortwave shown in Figure simple simulation snow solar constant solar radiation spectral GCM subsystems surface albedo surface temperature temperature gradient temperature increase temperature profile thermal timescales timestep transport troposphere truncation two-dimensional SD model variables variations vertical water vapour zonally averaged
Landscape Ecological Analysis: Issues and Applications
Jeffrey M. Klopatek,Robert H. Gardner
No preview available - 1999
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Views from the Alps: Regional Perspectives on Climate Change
Limited preview - 1998