A Comparative Grammar of the Indo-Germanic Languages: A Concise Exposition of the History of Sanskrit, Old Iranian ... Old Armenian, Greek, Latin, Umbro-Samnitic, Old Irish, Gothic, Old High German, Lithuanian and Old Church Slavonic, Volume 2
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ablaut abstract substantives accent adjectival adjectives adverbs analogy appears Armen Armenian arose Aryan Avest Balto-Slavonic Beitr belonging beside Goth beside Gr beside indie beside Lat beside O.H.G. beside Skr common ground-form compounds connexion consonant declension denote derived doubt e. g. Gr e. g. Skr examples feminine fern formation further Gall Germ Germanic Greek hence Hesych Horn Indo-Germanic inflexion instr Italic Kuhn's Ztschr later Latin Lett Lith Lithuanian masc masculine meaning Mid.Ir Mod.Cymr Morph neut neuter nomina actionis nomina agentis o-stems O.Icel O.Ir O.Pers O.Sax occurs Old Church Slavonic Old Irish orig original Osthoff parallel participles perf perhaps phonetic pres primary suffix proethnic period Pruss reduplication regarded Remark root root-syllable Sanskrit secondary suffix separate languages sing Slav Slavonic sonant stem Stud subst superlative Umbr verbal verbs vowel weak words
Page 448 - Variation according to gender (masc. neut. fern.), and the formation of derivatives to denote comparison (degrees of comparison), are usually assigned as the chief characteristics of adjectives as such in the Indo-Germanic languages. However these types of inflexion are all found in substantives also , so that no hard and fast line can be drawn between the two groups. The suffixes which appear in adjectives in the proethnic and later periods are all found in substantives as well. The question then...
Page 472 - youthful persons, young folk (collectively)' or 'a single youthful person', [Eng. youth]. But it is difficult to maintain any sharp distinction between the separate uses, and therefore the words which show this secondary developement of meaning will be treated along with the rest. It is important also to recognise the fact that no hard and fast line can be drawn between this class of nouns and the nomina actionis with their secondary shades of meaning. It is natural enough that the two divisions...
Page 110 - ... eg stems ending in explosives , into the o- or ddeclension, without any modification of meaning. The change in any particular case may be due to any one of a large number of causes ; indeed, to any association either of sound or of sense. Analogy of form, for example, produced in Sanskrit a nom. ddnta-s (cp. p. Ill) beside ace. ddnt-am (stem ddnt- 'tooth'), and in Greek TIJV yd^v (Callim.) beside nom. ace. neut. xa'pfi 'head' (for *x«p««r-«, a neuter subst.
Page 495 - point' may have been a compound of this kind, standing for *ud+dh&- 'upraise, lift on high' (I § 536 Rem. p. 392) ; it is however quite conceivable that the original form was *ud-\-dh-o-, with the suffix -o-, which in this position would date from a very early period. By the same author: Prof. K. BRUGMANN 8°. XX, 561 pp. cloth. Price 18s. A COMPARATIVE GRAMMAR of the INDOGERMANIC LANGUAGES Vol. I, Introduction and Phonology translated from the German by Joseph Wright, Ph. D. London. Kegan Paul,...