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accusative adjective adjunct adverb apposition auxiliary become belonging clause combination compound conjugation consonant construction dative declined definite article dependent clause derivatives direct object ending English especially eta s.i Examples Exercise expressed fein feminine fetn finb forms freuen geben gefreut gender genitive singular gerebet German getiebt getoanbert grammar gute guten Ijaben iljr imperative impersonal verbs indefinite indicative infinitive inflection inseparable prefixes intransitive irregular language latter masculine meaning modified names neuter nid)t nidjt nominative noun object Old conjugation original passive past participle personal pronoun phrases plural preceding predicate preposition preterit pron pronominal qualifying reben rebet rebett reflexive reflexive verb roerbe roerben roiirbe roir second declension sentence signifying simple sing sometimes subjunctive substantive suffix superlative syllable tenses thou tion tive toerbe transitive verb unfere usually verbal vowel words
Page vi - In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York. ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, by D. APPLETON & COMPANY, In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. PREFACE, THE
Page vii - German,' -^-and I must be allowed to add French — 'ability to speak is an object inferior in importance to ability to understand those languages accurately and readily ; and the attainment of the former is properly to be made posterior to that of the latter. One who has mastered the principles of grammar, and acquired by reading a fair vocabulary and a feeling for the right use of...
Page vii - Yet, there are two serious objections to it. " Firstly, it is" — to quote Mr. Whitney once more — " for the most part impracticable in schools and colleges. Their circumstances and methods of instruction render translation and construction the means by which the most useful knowledge and the best discipline can be gained. To the very great majority of those who learn German...
Page 151 - According to tradition, * these thousand years of the reign of Christ and the saints, will be the seventh Millenary of the world : for as God created the world in six days, and rested on the seventh...
Page 33 - They form all the cases of the plural by adding n or en to the theme, and masculines take the same ending in the oblique cases of the singular. 92. 1. Nearly all the feminine nouns in the language are of this declension : namely a. All feminines of more than one syllable, whether primitive words, as (Seite,
Page 101 - Ijeífen, íjbren, fefjen, íetiren, and lernen — the last two not uniformly), when construed with another verb in the infinitive, form their perfect and pluperfect tenses by adding the infinitive instead of the participle to the auxiliary (Whitney). — biefer StimlH' : genitive to be construed with benfen. 1930. Off* net bie ©nffe : make a way. @affe primarily means ' narrow street
Page 90 - Sonne gefefyret : accus. absolute, denoting an accompanying or characterizing circumstance, as if governed by " with " or " having
Page 137 - ... example of a rule deriving a non-basic word order from a more basic one is found in Whitney's discussion of German word order: 'The prefix stands before the verb in the infinitive and both participles, but after it in all other simple forms ... But if, by the rules for the arrangement of the sentence, the verb is transposed, or removed to the end, it comes, even in the simple forms, to stand after its prefix, and is then written as one word with it: thus, als ioh diesen Morgen fruh zu studieren...
Page 220 - Tin soldiers!' That was the very first thing that they heard in this world, when the lid of their box was taken off. A little boy had shouted this and clapped his hands; he had been given them as a birthday present, and now he set them out on the table. Each soldier was exactly like the next - except for one, which had only a single leg; he was the last to be moulded, and there was...
Page 150 - Slavonic term; provincial for: "public-house." 2 " put an end to "; vulg. for : tobten = " kill." 3 "we shall ride." The German present, much more often than the English, is used in the sense of a future. Thus : SBte fange idj baê an = " how shall I set about it " ? This future use of the present tense is a direct inheritance from a former condition of Germanic language, in which the present and future meanings were both habitually expressed by the present tense; the later auxiliary futures, as...