A Concise Description of the English Lakes, and Adjacent Mountains: with General Directions to Tourists: Notices of the Botany, Mineralogy, and Geology of the District; Observations on Meteorolgy; the Floating Island in Derwent Lake; and Black-lead Mine in Borrowdale

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The author, 1830 - Lakes - 171 pages
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Page 27 - LAKE is about two miles and a half in length, and three quarters of a mile in breadth. It is more difficult to obtain a good view of this, than any other lake.
Page 79 - Patterdale ; Falcon Crag near Derwent Lake ; and a Raven Crag in almost every vale — one of the most conspicuous of which is that overlooking Leathes Water. THE ANTIQUITIES. A Druidical Circle, 100 feet by 108 in diameter, in a field adjoining the old Penrith road, at the top of the hill, a mile and a half from Keswick. It is formed by rough cobble stones of various sizes, similar to what are scattered over the surface, and imbedded in the diluvium of the adjacent grounds. The largest stands upwards...
Page 156 - ... inclination, both with respect to the horizon and the planes of stratification. The slates are split into various thicknesses, according to their fineness of grain, and the discretion of the workmen." The third division of strata form inferior elevations, commencing with a bed of dark blue limestone, and alternating with a slaty rock of the same colour; the different layers of which are, in some places, several feet, and in others only a few inches, thick.
Page 175 - Borrowdale, with the appurtenances of what nature or kind soever, accepted and reserved unto the said William Whitmore and Jonas Verdon, their heirs and assigns, all those wad-holes, and wad, commonly called blackcawke, within the commons of Seatoller, or elsewhere within the commons and wastes of the manor of Borrowdale aforesaid, with liberty to dig, work, and carry the same, and other their appurtenances whatsoever.
Page 170 - Derwentwater, in the neighbourhood of Lodore, its size being considerably larger than usual. For a few inches in depth it is composed of a clayey matter, apparently deposited by the water in which the growing plants have fixed their roots. The rest is a mass of decayed vegetable matter, forming a stratum of loose peat-earth about six feet in thickness, which rises from a stratum of fine soft clay. A considerable quantity of air is contained in the body of the island, and may be discharged by probing...
Page 164 - ... that whenever two volumes of air of different temperatures, are mixed together, each being previously saturated with vapour, a precipitation of a portion of vapour must ensue, in consequence of the mean temperature not being able to support the mean quantity of vapour. ".'. This...
Page 60 - ... lakes of Ullswater, Windermere, Coniston, and Esthwaite, with several of the mountain tarns, are to be seen. Red Tarn is seated so deeply below the eye, that, compared with its gigantic accompaniments, it would scarcely be estimated at more than half its actual dimensions. To the right and left of Red Tarn, the two narrow ridges called Striding Edge, and Swirrel Edge, are stretched out in the direction of the lamina of the slaty rock, of which this part of the mountain is composed; other parts...
Page 50 - The morning is often recommended ; and generally, the sooner you are there after the sun has shone out and the cloud left the mountain, the better. It is a grievous, though not an uncommon circumstance, to be enveloped in a cloud, which seems to be continually passing on, yet never leaves the mountain during the time appropriated for the stay ; but those who are fortunate enough to be upon the summit at the very time of the cloud's departure, will experience a gratification of no common kind —...
Page 164 - ... at my remarks, it is evident I had not been made acquainted with its distinguishing feature, and that on which its excellence depends ; namely, a higher solvent power (if it may be so called) in the air, than what is proportionate to the increase of temperature ; and that the precipitation of vapour in the form of clouds and rain is occasioned not by mere cold, but a mixture of comparatively warm and cold air. At the time of my publication of the Essay on Rain, &c. I had a strong bias to the...
Page 177 - Geo. 2d. cap. 10th, by which an unlawful entering of any mine, or wadhole of wad, or black-cawke, commonly called black-lead, or unlawfully taking, or carrying away any wad, &c. therefrom, as also the buying, or receiving the same, knowing it to be unlawfully taken, is made felony.

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