A Concise History of Pakistani Christians

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Hamsookhan Publication, 2007 - Christianity - 382 pages
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The roots of Christianity in the land that comprises Pakistan are older than both the state of Pakistan and the ideology that underpins its existence. It is no wonder then that the Pakistani Christians consider themselves and their history as an integral part of the state of Pakistan and her history. It is unfortunate, however, that the commitments, contributions, and the sacrifices of the Pakistani Christians to their beloved homeland have been constantly ignored or downplayed at best, or blatantly and/or ashamedly denied at worst by some so-called national leaders and half-baked intellectuals. To put the record straight and preserve it for posterity, Emmanuel Zafar’s present book, A Concise History of Pakistani Christians, is a need fulfilled.
The gradual but continual marginalization of the Christian community has bred problems which have inadvertently become part and parcel of the never-ending crises in which the nation finds itself. The process, once started, has progressively engulfed the whole nation. Though this is not the underlying theme of the book in consideration, I believe it serves as an appropriate background to the national scene which has made its writing and publication extremely essential. Unfortunately, it is not a timely book: it is a book that is overdue not by years but by decades.
Emmanuel Zafar, a Christian lawyer, an internationally recognized journalist and a veteran politician, has charted the drifting tides which have led Pakistan to her present state of turmoil and intolerance. He has lived through the history of Pakistan and this fact is well recognized in the blurb, that (the book) “also can be called the autobiography or ‘memoirs of the author as well’ ”.
One of the several meritorious aspects of the book is that it is a fairly comprehensive collection of significant Christians and their contributions in the various fields of national life i.e. literature, politics, industry, military, judiciary, education, medicine, nursing, music and arts among others. A few notable omissions or near-omissions are regrettable. This is a matter of this reviewer’s point of view and does not in any way mitigate the academic and scholastic usefulness of the volume.
Starting from c. AD 40 when St. Thomas is believed to have arrived in the subcontinent, the author has taken into account many notable Christians bringing the reader to the present. This, in itself, is a daunting task by any standard and is a remarkable accomplishment among a people who seem to suffer from the intellectual malady of forgetting their past heroes and showering praise on contemporary tyrants for acquiring short-term favours.
In my humble view, this volume should be read and carried by every senior Pakistani politician as a quick factual reference to the multi-faceted achievements and contributions to the country by her largest religious minority. Had these facts been known to some high profile political figures of yesteryears, they would have been spared the embarrassment of statements which showed their ignorance and more than irritated the Christian community. I believe that our leaders and national representatives will do well to keep this book on their desks and refer to it as needed or risk making statements which will expose their anti-Christian bias and lack of historical knowledge.
Christian institutions have helped educate the leadership elite of Pakistan, and Christian military heroes have defended her borders
with blood and exemplary courage. The record of all this and more is the content of the pages of A Concise History of Pakistani Christians. Overall, I am pleased to recommend this book to anyone who cares to know, not what Pakistan has done for her Christian community but what her Christian community has done for Pakistan.
Akhtar Injeeli (www.cuwap.org)
 

Contents

Robin John 21 Arthur Nayyar A Nayyar 22 Benjamin Sisters 23 Pervaiz Shan
23
Tendency Of Organizing Political Platforms Among Christians
24
The advent of St Thomas in IndoPak subcontinent and Christianity in the first century
25
3 Church In The Period Of Ghazanvi Dynasty Mahmood Ghazanvi 10001016
26
Church In The Period Of Ghauri Dynasty 5 The Slave Dynasty And Christianity QutubUdDin Abik 1206
27
13511388
28
The First Jesuit Mission
29
Jesuits and Akbar
30
Railways 20 Abraham Joshua
164
Wapda 22 Mr Louis E Hussain 23 PMG 24 Late Inayat Masih
165
Chapter 6
167
Prominent Personalities Who Completed Their Studies In Christian Institutions
168
The High Schools Of The Catholic Archdiocese Of Karachi
170
The Educational Institutions Of Catholic Diocese Of Faisalabad 6 The Educational Institutions Of Catholic Diocese Of Rawalpindi 7 Educational Instit...
171
Education Institutions Of Church Of Pakistan Raiwind Diocese 9 Educational Institutions Of Church Of Pakistan Faisalabad Diocese
172
Educational Institutions Of Church Of Pakistan Peshawar Diocese 11 Educational Institutions Of Church Of Pakistan Multan Dioceses 12 Educational...
173

16051637
31
18 Sir Thomas Roe 19 Emperor Shahabuddin Shah Jehan16271652
32
16581707
33
17071712
34
17691839
35
CATHOLIC CHURCH
36
Pope Benedict Xvi Latin Benedicts Pp Xvi
37
Archdiocese Of Karachi
38
Multan Diocese 32 RawalpindiIslamabad Diocese 33 Hyderabad Diocese
39
Baptist Church
40
CMS
41
VOLLEYBALL
42
Anglican Church
44
American Presbyterian Church 45 United Presbyterian Church
45
Church Of Scotland 47 Methodist Church
46
Samuel Gill
47
Church Of Pakistan
48
Diocese of Gulf States and Iran
49
OUTSTANDING CHRISTIAN PLAYERS IN THE NATIONAL
50
KARATE
51
Presbyterian Church Of Pakistan
52
Union Of Presbyterians 52 Salvation Army
53
Lutheran Church 54 ARP Church
54
Seventh Day Adventist 56 The Pentecostal Churches 57 Full Gospel Assembly 58 Pentecostal Gospel Assembly 59 International Gospel Mission
55
LAMP Fellowship International 61 Assembly Of God 62 One In Christ Ministries 63 Temple Of God 64 New Apostolic Pentecostal Church 65 Grace ...
56
Eternal Life Ministries Of Pakistan 67 Rasooli Kalasia Pakistan 68 Marnaatha Revival Crusade Church 69 The Formation Of Episcopal Churches Sepa...
57
Siloam Biblical Christian Churches Of Pakistan 72 Grace Bible Church Of Pakistan 73 The United Holiness Church Of Pakistan
58
Lahore Evangelical Ministries
59
Brethren Church 80 Indus Christian Fellowship 81 The Pakistan Mission Of International 82 The Pakistan Christian Fellowship Of International
60
Chapter 2
61
Christianity In Muslim Rule 4 The Development Of Christians In British Rule 5 The Role Of Christians In The Freedom Movement Of IndoPak SubC...
62
The Establishment Of All India Muslim League And All India Christian Association
63
Christian Representation Under The Government Of India Act 1919 8 Boycott Of Nehru Report By Christians In Support Of Muslim League 9 Electi...
64
Participation Of Christians InPakistan Resolution 1940
65
Christians Struggle With Muslim League For Independence 12 Stand Of Christian Leaders Before The Boundary Commission
66
Christian Elected Representatives Voted For The Inclusion Of The Punjab Province In Pakistan
67
QuaidE Azam Idea Of Equal Citizenship For Every Pakistani 15 Objectives Resolution 1949 And Basic Principles Report 1953
68
Christian Representatives In 1951 Elections 17 Incident Of Burning Alive Of 7 Christians In Village Matta
69
Establishment Of One Unit System And Christians Having No Political Party 19 Christian Representatives 19461969
70
Martyrdom Of Ester John 21 Christian Representation Under Ayub Khans Basic Democracies System
71
IndoPak War 1965 And The Undue Charges Of Espionage Against The Christians
72
The Inception Of Street Struggle By The Christians
73
National Christian Council 26 United Christian Front 27 Pakistan National Christian League 28 Besiege Of Christian Villages Of Martinpur And Youn...
74
Incident Of The Burning Of The Bible In Murray College Sialkot
75
Boycott Of General Election 1970 By The Christians Under Joint Electorates System
76
Boycott Movement Against The Introduction Of Joint Electorates
77
General Elections 1970 And Fall Of Dacca
78
Taking Over The Christian Educational Institutions Under Education Policy 1972
79
Constitution Of The Islamic Republic Of Pakistan 1973
80
Role Of Christians In Struggle For Democracy With The Majority Parties
81
Weekly Minority Times Lahore
82
Desecration Of KhanAQaba By Unknown Miscreants And Its Retaliation Through Undue Burning Of Churches In Pakistan 38 Christian Representati...
83
Christian Representation In MajlisEShoora Of General ZiaUl Haq 40 Introduction Of Separate Electorates Under Legal Framework Order 1985
84
Deprivation Of Minorities Representation In The Upper House Of Parliament Senate 42 Representation Of The Christian In General Elections 1985
85
Punjab Assembly 45 Sindh Assembly 46 NWFP Assembly
86
Baluchistan Assembly 48 Some Demerits Of Separate Electorates Due To The Absence Of Delimitation Of Constituencies
87
Monthly Ufaq Karachi
88
Incident Of Desecration Of Raheem Yar Khan Church In 1986
89
All Pakistan Minorities Alliance 53 Pakistan National Christian Party
90
Pakistan Minorities Front 55 Christian Rabita Council 56 Representation Of The Christian In General Election 1988
91
Weekly MustaqbilLahore
92
Christian Representation In General Elections 1990
93
Role Of Christian Elected Representative In The Enforcement Of ShariatAct 1991
94
Representation Of Christian In General Elections 1993
95
Blasphemy Case Of Manzoor Masih And Others 63 Acquittal Of Manzoor Masih Case Under Blasphemy
96
Role Of The Christian Settled Abroad In The Protest Movement
97
Desecration Of UP Church Qila Dedar Singh 66 Murder Of Iqbal Masih Under Bonded Labour And Extra Judicial Murder Of Manzoor Masih Invol...
98
Punjabi Magazines
99
Christian Representation In Election 1997
100
SelfSacrifice Of Dr Bishop John Joseph Bishop Of Faisalabad
101
Life Sketch Of Dr Bishop John Joseph
102
The Protest Rally In Remembrance Of Bishop John Joseph Martyrdom 72 A Historical Press Conference Of Bishop Dr Alexander John Malik
104
Taking Over Of General Pervaiz Musharraf As Chief Executive 74 Attack On Murree Christian School
105
Attack On Mission Hospital Taxila
106
Representation Of Christians Under The Legal Framework Order 2002
107
NonElected Representation Of Christians In Election 2002
108
Victims In The Bahawalpur Attack 81 Attack On International Presbyterian Church Islamabad
109
Brutal Killing Of Seven Christian Workers Of Charity Idara AmnOInsaf Karachi 83 Denationalization Of F C College Lahore By Gen Pervaiz Mushar...
110
Denationalization Of Two Christian Colleges Of Karachi 85 Sangla Hill Incident
111
Sukkher Incident 87 Inclusion Of A Christian In Shaukat Aziz Cabinet 88 Revival Of Pakistan Masihi League 89 Christian Jamhoori Party
112
Ten Other Schools By Musharraf Government
113
AlBasharat
114
Chapter 3
115
Mrs Annie Besant 18471933
116
Unconditional Support Of Christian Leaders For The Creation Of Pakistan
117
The Role Of The Christian Educational Institutions In Training The Leaders Of Pakistan Movement
118
Nehru Report And Minorities 6 Mrs Sarojni Naidus
119
Common Policy Of All The Minorities In The 2nd Round Table Conference 8 Shaheed Gunj Dispute
120
The Participation Of Christians In Salvation Day
121
The Christians Presence At The Time Of Approval Of Pakistan Resolution
122
Historical Reception Of Christians To The Quaid During Pakistan Movement
123
The Role Of Christians To Get Whole Punjab Included In Pakistan
126
Christians Stand Before Boundary Commission
127
Medical Assistance By Christians To The 1947 Refugees 15 The Services Of The Capuchin Fathers At The Time Of Partition
128
QuaidEAzams Participation In The Thanksgiving Service In Holy Trinity Church
130
Chapter 4
131
The Role Of The Christians In Formation Of Pakistan Army In The Early Days Of Pakistan The First Chiefs Of Army Staff 2 The First Three British ...
132
Stephen A Joseph 5 Squadron Leader Revis 6 Other Christian Officers Who Played Pioneer Role In The Formation Of
133
Remarkable Performances Of The Christian Pilots 8 Air Vice Marshall Eric Gordon Hall 9 Air Vice Marshal M J OBrian
135
Air Commodore Nazir Latif
136
Wing Commander Mervyn Leslie Middlecoat 12 Cecil Chaudhry
137
Squadron Leader William Desmond Harney
138
Squadron Leader Peter Christy 15 Group Captain James Luke
139
Seven SitaraE Jurat Awards To Christian Officers Of PAF 17 First Rear Admiral Of Pakistan Navy 18 Commander Saleem Akhtar Matthew
140
The Conquests Of The Christian Officers In The Land Forces 20 JehadEKashmir 1948
141
Retreat Of Indian Troops From Chwinda Front 25 IndoPakistan War 1971
142
Excellent Performances Of The Christian Pilots Of Pakistan Air Force 27 Christian Officers as War Prisoners 28 Outstanding Role Of Christian Naval ...
143
LEPA Operation 1972
144
Brigadier Daniel Austin 37 Brigadier Javed Hayat Khan
145
Bargadier Anthony Lumb 39 Brigadier Daniel Peter 40 Brigadier Samson Simon Sharaf SitaraEImtiaz Military
146
Col Sosheel Kumar Trassler 42 Col KM Roy 43 Col L C Rath
147
Col W Herbert 45 LtCol Javeed JalalUd Din 46 Col Nelson Wilson
148
Col J J K Tajik 48 Lieutenant Col Philip Utarid
149
Major John Joshua
150
Capt Michael Wilson 53 Lieutenant Daniel Utarid 54 Eric G Hall
151
Col Berganza 56 Christian Martyrs During 1965 And 1971 IndoPakistan Wars JehadEKashmir 57 Air Force 58 Land Forces
152
Chapter 5
153
Justice Archieson 4 Justice Charles Lobo 5 Justice Raymond
157
Justice M L Shahani 7 Christian Sessions Judges 8 Indrias Barkat
158
Mariam Qaisar 10 Foreign Service 11 S M Burke
159
Mark Samuel 13 Administration
161
Dr H L Phailbus
162
S K Fazal 16 QammarUzZaman 17 Punjab University 18 Police
163
ARP Church 16 Other Institutions Of Protestant Churches 17 Well Known Christian Educationists
174
Prof Dr Mira Phailbus
175
Dr James Shafi 20 Distinguished Headmasters Of Christian Schools
176
Renowned Principals Of English Medium Schools
177
SafdarMassey 23 YousifMasihGul 24 Miss Dulsie Fraser
178
Mariam Sarfaraz Stanley 26 Primrose Matthew
179
Zenit Shagufta
180
Technical Schools 29 Adult Education
181
Chapter7 HEALTH AND CARE Pg 183202
183
Christian Hospital Dispensaries 3 United Christian Hospital Lahore UCH
184
Memorial Christian Hospital Sialkot 5 Bethania Hospital Sialkot Puka Garah
186
Holy Family Hospital Karachi
187
Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi 8 Christian Hospital Quetta 9 First Period 50 Years
188
Third Period 63 Years
189
Shilokh Mission Hospital Jalalpur Jatan District Gujrat 12 Mission Hospital Peshawar
190
Pennel Hospital Bannu
191
Christian Hospital Taxila
192
Christian Hospital Tank 16 Mission Hospital Sahiwal 17 Christian Hospital Kunri
193
St Raphael Hospital Faisalabad 19 Seventh Day Adventist Hospital Karachi S D A 20 Lepers Hospitals 21 Sister Dr Ruth Pfau
194
Mobile Clinics
197
Free Medical Camps 24 Christian Hospital Association Of Pakistan Chap
198
Health institutions working under the auspices of Catholic Church
199
Other Services Of The Christian Medical Institutions 27 Services Of Christian Doctors Nurses In The Government Institutions 28 Dr Aziz Masih Gill
200
Dr Masood Samuel Nasir 30 The Department Of Nursing
201
Chapter 8
203
Caritas Pakistan
206
National Commission For Justice And Peace
207
Justice And Peace Commission Of Major Religious Superiors 4 Women And Workers 5 IdararEAmnOInsaf 6 Brothers Of Charity Yuhannabad 7 So...
210
Young Women Christian Association Lahore 9 Church World Service 10 Missionaries Of Charity 11 St Vincent De Paul Society
211
The Franciscan Missionaries Of Christ The King Society 13 Daughters Of The Heart Of Mary
212
Leprosy House Of Faisalabad Diocese 15 BasharatEIbinEMariam 16 Christian Women Federation 17 Other Organizations
213
Hardships Of Christian Social Services Organizations
214
Rev Chaman Sardar
215
Chapter 9
217
Amateur Basket Ball Federation of Pakistan 5 Christian Players
218
Hockey 7 Milton D Mello 8 K R Gardner 9 Jack Brighto 10 CRICKET 11 Wallace Mathias
219
Antao DSouza 13 Duncan Sharpe
220
Billy Ubaid Ullah 15 SohailFazal 16 NATIONAL AND ASIAN GAMESAmateur Basket Ball Federation Of Pakistan 17 Christian Players
221
HAMMER THROW 19 John Permel 20 HURDLES 21 Pervaiz Anthony 22 Cheryl Lucas 23 NevaChanan 24 Silvia 25 Zareena Dean 26 Abida Ghan...
223
IshratWahab 28 WOMENS EVENTS 29 JUNIOR ATHLETES 30 GYMNASTIC AND SCOUTING 31 Dr Inayat K Gill
224
KABBADI 33 AmmanatMasih 34 Ashiq Samuel 35 Body Building 36 Shahbaz Feroze 37 Razzak Inayat 38 HIGH JUMP 39 Col O Conner
225
56 Samson 57 WAZIR THOMAS 58 LAHORE MARATHON RACE 2006
226
Chapter 10
227
Madam Azuri 7 Music
228
Film Music 9 Robin Ghoshs 10 S T Sunny
229
Sitarists And Drummers 12 TABLA PLAYERS INDIAN DRUMS 13 Ustad Pervaiz Paras 14 Jimmy Khan 15 Master Daud
230
Singers 17 Saleem Raza
231
Irene Parveen 19 S B John
232
Gull Zia Mirza And Rehana Yasmin 27 Kennedy Pereira
234
Film Actors And Actresses 29 Shabnam First Film Chanda Urdu1962
235
Neelo Real Name Naseem Alexander 31 Sheila Gill 32 Noveen Tajik 33 Tv And Stage
236
Lyric Writing 35 Script Writing 36 Direction 37 Radio T V Announcement 38 Mohini Hameed
237
TV Play Writing 40 Dennis Isaac
239
Gul Hamid Khan
241
AsharAzim 43 ManzoorRahi 44 Sajid Hameed 45 TV Camera Man 46 E V Anwar 47 Compere 48 Maham Sarfaraz 49 Elma Pervaiz
242
Radio Veritas 51 Wave Studio 52 Charles Frank John Massey 53 John Massey 54 Andrew Massey 55 Fr Larry Saldana 56 Fr Nadeem John Shakir
243
Raja Harrison 58 Feba Communications Pakistan Trust
244
Mr Samuel Lyall 60 Samuel Asfaq Khan 61 M S Cheery Fazal Ellahi
245
Gospel Singers
246
Anila Khokhar 69 Trofina Daniel 70 Rubina Pervaiz 71 Majeed Masih 72 Sadaqat Serosh 73 Attique Khokhar
248
Chapter 11
251
Joseph A Yazdani 6 Inayat Sarfraz 7 Joseph Herald Gill 8 Tradition Of Publishing The Minority Editions In The National Newspapers
252
Christian Magazines 10 Regular Christian Publications 11 Monthly QasidEJideedLahore
253
MonthlySehatLahore 13 Fortnightly Catholic NaqeebLahore 14 Gulzar Chohan 15 Anwar Sehram 16 Fr Exupere 17 Fr Saldana 18 Fr Andrew 19 Fr ...
254
VitorDanial 23 The Weekly Christian VoiceKarachi 24 The Magazines Published By Salvation Army
255
Monthly ShaadabLahore 26 DailyAftabQuetta 27 Daily KundanQuetta
256
Aijaz Emmanuel 60 Arthur Burki Arthur
264
Zahid Anwar 62 Rashid Faraz 63 Younis Warayam 64 Emmanuel Yusuf
265
Sajjad Stunzabadi 66 Taskeen Gul Khan 67 Javid Sohatra
266
No Magazine Of Church Of Pakistan And National Council Of Churches In Pakistan 69 The Chronology Of Christian Magazines Published In The Pa...
267
l00 Monthly Punjabi Darbar Lahore
270
Monthly Masihi PukarSialkot 102 Chronology Of Series Published In The Past 103 NawaKalisia 104 Hum Log And Sabqat 105 Aftab 106 Nawishta ...
271
ll0 AhadNama lll NuqtqENazar 112 Nishaan
272
Tebdeeli Multan 124 Ham Aahang 125 0rganization Of Christian Journalists
273
Chapter 12
277
The Role Of Fort William College In The Development Of Urdu Prose 6 Dr Gilchrist
278
18th Cnetury Christians Initiative In Urdu Dictionary Grammar 8 Father Jerome Xavier 9 Role Of Christian In The Progress Of Urdu Language And ...
279
Influence Of Christian Scholars On Urdu Literature 11 Augustine Dsilveira Muftoon
280
Garrison Vitasi 13 Walker 14 Role Of English Scholars In Progress Of Urdu Language
281
Fraso 16 John Joshua Kettler 17 Hadley 18 George Shore
282
Munshi Piare Lal Shakir 20 Beeni Parshad Lukhnvi 21 Father Liberius Pieterse Azad
283
Veterans Christian Poets Of Old Generation 23 A RNazim 24 Tak Kashmiri
285
Sardar Mashi Gill
295
Pastor Adil Amin Headley 64 Edwin Nida Sharaf Sargodhavi 65 Other Christian Poets
296
Female writers 67 Nasreen Anjum Bhatti
297
Chapter 13
303
Magi 4 Dawabi 5 Pawandi 6 Malio 7 Magrabi West Punjabi 8 Batiani 9 Dogri 10 Siraikee Or Multani
304
Lahabdi Or Landha 12 Janghlu 13 Punjabi Proverbs AkhansKahawats 14 Punjabi Tales And Stories Kissekahanian 15 The Contirbution Of The Loca...
305
Dr I D Shahbaz D D
306
Musa Khan
307
Rehmat Masih Waiz 23 Joushua FazalUdDin 24 P D Raphael
308
Talib Nasrani 26 K R
310
Fakir Masih Faqir 28 R L Roshan 29 Sohan Masih
311
Mordern Christian Poets Of The Last 50 Years Of Pakistan 31 NazirQaisar 32 Nasreen Anjum Bhatti 33 Fr Mukhtar Alam
312
Anwar Sajjad Anwar 35 Poets Whose Poetry Is Not Published
313
Chapter 14
315
Prof SarajudDin 5 Dr K L Nasir 6 Re Dr Iqbal Nisar
317
Rev A Khan
318
Re Dr Arthur James 9 Rev Dr Aslam Ziai 10 Rev Dr Maqsood Kamil
319
Bishop Dr John Joseph
320
Father Emmanuel Asi 13 Allama Paul Earnest
321
Bishop Dr Andrew Francis
322
Father Pervaiz Emmanuel 16 ArchBishop
323
Full Gospel Assemblies Bible College 18 Yusuf Masih Yad 19 Rev Dr Jamil Nasir
325
Role Of Christian Organizations In The Progress Of Urdu Literature
326
Chapter 15
327
William Carey 3 Henry Martin 4 Pakistan Bible Society
328
A Brief Look At The 25 Years Ministry Of Mr Anthony Aijaz Lamuel
329
Mission Press Ludhinana
330
Punjab Religious Book Society 8 Catholic Truth Society 9 Masihi Ishaat Khana
331
Nirali Kitaben
332
MaktabaeAnaveem Pakistan MAP 12 Bible Correspondence School 13 Voice Of Prophecy Correspondence School 14 The Pakistan Bible School 15 ...
333
Chapter 16
335
Social Political Literary And Legal Services Of Christian Advocates 2 Joshua FazalUdDin 3 C L Sundar Dass 4 Emmanuel Zafar 5 Legal Services
336
General Reference Books 7 Students Books 8 Dictionaries 9 Journalistic Services 10 Ch Naeem Shakir 11 Peter John Sahotara 12 M L Shahani
338
Sheeza Jones 14 Mrs Everest Pinto
339
Samson Joseph 16 TahirKhalil 17 Christian Lawyers Forum 18 Protest Rally Under CLA 19 Constitutional Petitions By The Lawyers Of
340
Chapter 17
343
Chapter 18
349
The PA To Deputy Secretary Admn LGRD Department Lahore
355
Appedix3 The Partition of the Punjab Pg 361 381
361
BIBLIOGRAPHY
383
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