A continent transformed: human impact on the natural vegetation of Australia
When hunters and gatherers arrived in Australia many tens of thousands of years ago, their burning, hunting, and vegetable gathering practices caused substantial change in the continent's vegetation. In the last two centuries, European settlers have greatly accelerated the process, sometimes wiping out entire vegetation types as they clear vast areas for farms, forest plantations, houses, and roads. They continue to alter the nature of the remaining forests though the removal of wood, and their introduction to the region of new animal and plant species has dramatically changed large areas of the surviving bush. A Continent Transformed provides a succinct, accessible introduction to the biogeography of Australia, focusing in particular on the changes that have occurred and offering practical solutions for saving the continent's remarkable biological diversity. Written for people approaching the subject for the first time, the book highlights the latest scientific research on ecological issues in non-technical terms. Students of biogeography and ecology--indeed all those interested in the conservation of Australia's magnificent natural heritage--will find A Continent Transformed interesting, enlightening, and stimulating.
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Aboriginal agricultural alpine vegetation animals areas Australian bush biodiversity biological Boneseed Cinnamon Fungus clearance clearfelling conservation continue created CSIRO dieback dispersal distribution disturbance regimes dominated drought ecological ecosystems effects eliminated ensure environment erosion eucalypt eucalypt forest Eucalyptus regnans European example exotic extinction fire regime flora floristic fungus genotypes germination grasses grasslands grassy woodlands growth heath hectares high country higher plant species human impact increased introduced plants introduced species invaders invasion island Kangaroo land large number large reserves logging long-term lyrebirds major mallee moisture National Parks native plant native species native vegetation nature nutrients occur pasture Phytophthora cinnamomi plant communities pollen populations potential produce protected rabbit Radiata Pine range regeneration result seed seedlings selection shrubs soil South Australia species and communities spinifex spread stock grazing stomata survive Tasmania tion tracks tropical types of bush understorey vegetation change vegetation types wattles Western Australia wet forest