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according accus Acharn adjectives adverbs Anab ancient Apoll Arist Aristoph Attic dialect augment Brunck changed Comp compounded conj consonant contracted Cyrop dative Demosth derived digamma diphthong Dorians Doric Doric dialect Dual Eurip feminine Fisch frequently gender genitive Grammar grammarians Greek Greek language Greg Gregor Hemsterh Hence Herm Herod Herodotus Hesiod Hesych Heyne Homer iEolians iEolic imperf Ionians Ionic Ionic dialect Isocr Koen language Latin long vowel Lucian Maitt masculine Moer Moeris neuter nominative nouns optative participle pass penultima perfectum Piers Pind Plat Plato plur plural plusquam perf Plut pres Prom pronoun Pyth reduplication remained short vowel signification sing Soph spiritus asper substantives syllable tenses termination Theocr third declension third pers third person Thom Thorn Thuc Thucyd Valck verbs Vesp whence words writers Xenoph
Page xxxiii - I st, that he is to attribute to Anacreon only the fragments which were collected by F. Ursinus, and a few additional ones; and not those poems which commonly go under his name, a few only excepted ; and that as Anacreon lived more than 100 years before Herodotus, his dialect was probably different.
Page 1 - Dialects generally. THE Greek language, like every modern one, was not in ancient times spoken in the same manner in all parts of Greece; but almost every place had its peculiarities of dialect, both in the use of single letters and of single words, in the forms of words, inflexions, and expressions, in the whole style, in the species of verse and in the quantity.
Page ii - ... still obliged to have recourse, in the way of explanation, to many gratuitous suppositions, and unphilosophical shifts, for which grammarians have invented fine names, that serve as circumlocutions to express our ignorance of the real causes and reasons of the peculiarities which we would explain. We meet with aź dative case, where the laws of construction require a genitive, and it is considered to be a sufficient account of the matter, if we say, that it is per schema Colophonium. A word is...
Page 6 - But they could hardly have been such at the time of these poets, who would have as little allowed themselves to employ such a mixture, as a German poet would permit himself to mingle together Lower Saxon and High German provincialisms. The language of Homer seems rather to have been the language of the lonians of that time. Of the forms...
Page xxxii - Lydia, and it's commercial prosperity, will account for this change of language*. And it was from the colonies, that the mother country first adopted any improvements in her own dialects.
Page xxxi - Peloponnese, where they settled, between Elis and Sicyonia. He was afterwards recalled to Attica, routed the Thracians under Eumolpus, was invested with a part of the government, and gave his name to the Athenians. He did not, however, succeed Erectheus, whose crown devolved upon Cecrops. The lonians from the Peloponnese returned to Attica in the reign of Melanthus ; and after the death of Codrus, Nileus led them into Asia Minor*.
Page xl - After the reduction of the as, however, to y, of a pound, the denarius became equal to 16 asses, and the sestertius, or quarter of a denarius, was worth now 4 asses. A denarius weighed...
Page xl - P. 1/6. -rpirov tjfti-rd\avTov, ' two talents and a half, ie the first a talent, the second a talent, the third a half-talent. So in Latin Sestertius, two asses and a half, is shortened from Semisterlius : the first an As, the second an As, the third a half As (tertius semis). See Schweighaeuser, on Herodot. I. 50. P. 177. Dr. Burney (Monthly Review, 1799. p. 89.) thinks that these terminations in...
Page 13 - Foi, or digamma, by splitting its upper part. This new letter was then placed after the T, while the F itself was omitted. 5. The lonians first adopted all the twenty-four letters, and of them first the Samians, from whom they were received by the Athenians ; but it was not till after the Peloponnesian War, in the archonship of Euclides (BC 403), that they were used in public acts. Hence the twenty-four letters are called 'laviita fpß/шата, and the old sixteen 'Атпка ура/ицата.
Page 3 - The grammarians notice two epochs in it, according to which they divide it into the old and new Doric dialects. In the old, the comic writer Epicharmus, and Sophron, author of the Mimes, were the principal authors ; the latter, however, chiefly adopted the peculiarities of the Syracusan dialect.