A Defence of Southern Slavery: Against the Attacks of Henry Clay and Alex'r. Campbell. In which Much of the False Philanthropy and Mawkish Sentimentalism of the Abolitionists is Met and Refuted. In which it is Moreover Shown that the Association of the White and Black Races in the Relation of Master and Slave is the Appointed Order of God, as Set Forth in the Bible, and Constitutes the Best Social Condition of Both Races, and the Only True Principle of Republicanism
This pamphlet contains a review of Mr Clay's "Letter on emancipation" and strictures on Mr. Campbell's "Tract for the people of Kentucky". These enemies of the South threw their mischievous productions betore the country during the canvass in Kentucky, for a Convention to alter the Constitution of that state. Their professed object was to effect the abolition of slavery in Kentucky. The author answered them because he conceived, that while each pretended to write for the people of Kentucky, and in reference to slavery in that state, both made a general attack upon the institution of slavery everywhere, but more especially, as existing in tlie Southern States of this confederacy. He now presents these answers to the public in pamphlet form, because he desires to cast the mite of his influence into the scale of Southern rights at this crisis, and hopes this humble tract will assist Southerners to form correct views of their rights, and of the rectitude of their institution as appointed of God and sustained by the Bible. The letter on emancipation fell into my hands in the spring of l849, and the Review was written and published in the Augusta Constitutionalist, in May, and was copied and circulated in Kentuckv, during their Convention canvass. - To the reader.
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abolitionists Africa African Cruiser amongst anil attempt authority Bible blessing blind bondage Campbell Campbell's Canaan character Christ civil Clay Clay's cloven foot colonization condition Constitution corruption curse decalogue degraded descendants divine appointment emancipated slaves equal evil exhibit exis fanaticism fanatics free negro free-soilers freedom friends friendship genius God's appointment God's institution gospel groes hired hireling incubus infidelity influence institution of slavery intended interest Irom Jamaica Japheth Kentucky land Liberia liberty manumission master morals native negro race negro slavery North Northern number of slaves ofthe Ohio Ohio river owners perhaps political poor predicament principles prosperity refutation republican sacred says Scotland scriptural sentiments servant servitude showing slave holders slave labor slave property slaveholders social society sophisms South South Carolina Southern spirit of abolitionism stitution suppose thousands tion truth tucky verse Virginia wealth white labor whole
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Page 14 - Her power, political and physical, would be greatly increased; for the one hundred and ninety odd thousand slaves and their descendants would be gradually superseded by an equal number of white inhabitants, who would be estimated per capita and not by the federal rule of three-fifths prescribed for the colored race in the constitution of the United States.
Page 25 - Kentucky enjoys high respect and honorable consideration throughout the Union and throughout the civilized world; but, in my humble opinion, no title which she has to the esteem and admiration of mankind, no deeds of her former glory, would equal in greatness and grandeur, that of being the Pioneer State in removing from her soil every trace of human slavery, and in establishing the descendants of Africa, within her jurisdiction, in the native land of their forefathers.
Page 8 - I would, however, remark that, if slavery be fraught with these alleged benefits, the principle, on which it is maintained, would require that one portion of the white race should be reduced to bondage to serve another portion of the same race, when black subjects of slavery could not be obtained ; and that in Africa, where they may entertain as great a preference for their color as we do for ours, they would be justified in reducing the white race to slavery, in order to secure the blessings which...
Page 8 - The battle-field is poetically termed the bed of honour : but the bravest man might be excused for shrinking from a burial in his enemy's stomach ! Poetry can make nothing of such a fate. Rude and wretched as is the condition of the natives, it has been affirmed that many of the Liberian colonists have mingled with them, and preferred their savage mode of life to the habits of civilization. Only one instance of the kind has come to my personal knowledge.
Page 22 - ... is not the result of slavery, but of a bad mode of cultivation. Or, will the doctor contend that if those valuable districts had been cultivated by free hired men, the evils from negligence in the labourer would be remedied ? " He that is a hireling fleeth, because he is a hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
Page 18 - We shall remove from among us the contaminating influences of a servile and degraded race, of different color ; we shall enjoy the proud and conscious satisfaction of placing that race where they can enjoy the great blessings of liberty, and civil, political, and social equality ; we shall acquire the advantage of the diligence, the fidelity, and the constancy, of free labor, instead of the carelessness, the infidelity, and the unsteadiness, of slave labor; we shall elevate the character of white...
Page 16 - But these sacrifices are distant, contingent, and inconsiderable. Assuming the year 1860 for the commencement of the system, all slaves born prior to that time would remain such during their lives, and the personal loss of the slaveholder would be only the difference in value of a female slave, whose offspring, if she had any, born after the first day of January, 1860, should be free at the age of twenty-five, or should be slaves for life. In the...
Page 19 - Ohio, a distance of near 600 miles — separating her from the already powerful and growing States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. Vast numbers of slaves have fled from most of the counties in Kentucky from the mouth of Big Sandy to the mouth of Miami, and the evil has increased and is increasing. Attempts to recover the fugitives lead to most painful and irritating collisions. Hitherto countenance and assistance to the fugitives have been chiefly afforded by persons in the State of Ohio; but it...