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18th cent 18th century Adolphe Sax bagpipe Basset Horn bassoon bell Boehm Boehm system Boosey bore boxwood brass instruments Brussels Conservatoire Carte chanter chromatic scale cocus-wood compass Concert-flute Conservatoire Royal constructed cor anglais cornet Cornetto crook cylindrical described diameter at lip double reed drones drum employed engraved euphonion F. W. Galpin finger-holes in front Flageolet flat brass keys Flute Douce fourth valve Gustav Besson harmonics horn improved inches instru intonation invention ivory tips joint Key Bugle keys give keys on knobs keys on saddles left hand Lent by G Lent by Messrs little finger London lowest note Mahillon maker ment Mersenne military bands mouthpiece musical Oboe octave ophicleide orchestra Paris passages patent pipe pistons Plate player Pommer Potter Praetorius Royal de Musique Rudall saxhorn semitone silver keys six finger-holes sounds specimen Stamped tenor thumb-hole tone Total length touch-pieces trombone trumpet tubing tuning slide vibrations
Page 229 - The King of Denmark's grume, riding upon a horse, with two drumes, one on each side of the horses' necke, whereon he strooke two little mallets of wood, a thing verie admirable to the common sorte, and much admired.
Page 97 - Mersenne and Kircher, and in the making of instruments adhered as closely to the directions of the former as possible, constructed a short bassoon or cervelat for the late Earl of Abercorn, then Lord Paisley, and a disciple of Dr. Pepusch, but it did not answer expectations ; by reason of its closeness, the interior parts imbibed, and retained, the moisture of the breath, the ducts dilated, and broke. In short, the whole blew up.
Page 243 - ... decline to sanction any change in the present pitch. So far, at any rate, they have made no intimation in the matter, although, in view of the following extract from the Queen's regulations, they can hardly ignore it : 'In order to secure uniformity throughout the regimental bands of the Services, the instruments are to be of the same pitch as that adopted by the Philharmonic Society.
Page 137 - Naples, at the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries, the history of which, however, is obscure.
Page 237 - AroirdupoU is the weight, at the temperature of 62° Fahrenheit, and under the atmospheric pressure of 30 inches of mercury, in the latitude of London, and at or near the level of the sea, of a certain piece of platinum which is kept in the Exchequer Office at "Westminster.
Page 4 - ... (a) French Flageolet.2 The difference between this instrument and the recorder is one of detail rather than of principle. Like the " penny whistle ", it has six fingerholes, but only four of these are on top, and two, closed by the two thumbs, are on the under-side. The invention of the instrument is ascribed to the Sieur Juvigny, who played it in the famous ' Ballet comique de la Royne
Page 53 - Corruptions of these names, such as samponia or samphoneja, and zampogna, are also common. It appears on a coin of Nero, who, according to Suetonius, was himself a performer upon it. It is mentioned by Procopius as the instrument of war of the Roman infantry. In the crozier given by William of Wykeham to New College, Oxford, in 1403, there is the figure of an angel playing it. Chaucer's miller performed on it — ' A bagpipe well couth he blowe and sowne.
Page vii - I was therefore unable to devote as much time as I could have wished to the...
Page 53 - ... both in England and on the Continent, and may have served as an accompaniment to the chanting in monasteries and religious houses, for an illustration of an instrument of this kind of the 9th century is given by Gerbert, Abbot of St. Blaise (De cantu et musica sacra), and called by him ' Chorus.' It appears to have retained its popularity for some centuries later, and to have been in general use, for on the minstrels' gallery in Exeter Cathedral another representation of it is seen.
Page 57 - ... fifth above it, and adding above it the common chord of A and an extra note, F or F sharp. We get G, B, D, G plus A, C sharp, E and A. This very imperfect tuning gives the bagpipe its archaic and picturesque character. Ornamental notes are much used and are called warblers. A skilful piper is able to introduce a warbler of eleven notes between the last up beat and the first down beat of a measure. Until modern times music for the bagpipe was written according to a special system of notation,...