A diagnostic model of the zonally averaged circulation in isentropic coordinates

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University of Wisconsin--Madison, 1973 - Nature - 588 pages
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absolute angular momentum anticyclonic atmosphere available potential balance baroclinity boundary boundary conditions Cartesian coordinates circumpolar vortex cm sec component computed continuity equation convection Coriolis parameter Cross-section diabatic heating difference equations diffusion diffusion coefficient distribution DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY drag coefficient east-west pressure eddy covariance eddy transport Eliassen energy budget equations ergs gm estimates Experiment III extratropical Ferrel Figure finite difference flux friction torque function equation geostrophic meridional geostrophic meridional wind geostrophic mode geostrophic wind gradient gradient wind gravity wave grid volume Hadley circulation heat diffusion Hemisphere Henderson high latitudes horizontal However hydrostatic balance hydrostatic equation integration inverse stability isen isentropic coordinates isentropic model isentropic structure isentropic surfaces isobaric isotachs Johnson and Dutton Katayami's kinetic energy latent heat layer lower troposphere m/sec mass diffusion mass transport mass weighted maximum mentum meridional circulation meridional flow meridional mass circulation meridional wind middle latitudes momentum convergence momentum diffusion momentum transport Northern Hemisphere northward Palmen and Newton parabolic profile planetary boundary layer point source poleward potential energy potential temperature predicted pressure force pressure gradient force pressure torque prognostic equations radiative radiative cooling region relative angular momentum relative momentum Rossby sensible heating slowly varying solutions sources and sinks steady stratosphere stream function strophic structure surface potential thermal forcing thermal wind tropical tropical cyclone tropopause upper troposphere velocity vergence vertical advection vertical motion vertically integrated wave regime wind profiles wind shear x 10 cm zonal and meridional zonal momentum zonal wind zonally averaged circulation

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