A dictionary of English normative grammar, 1700-1800

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J. Benjamins Pub. Co., 1991 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 486 pages
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Eighteenth-century English grammarians plead eloquently for purity, precision and perspicuity, but their method of teaching largely amounts to citing examples of impurity, imprecision and lack of clarity from contemporary writings. This book is the first of its kind to provide a detailed systematic account of such 'errors'. Apart from source and page references, the Dictionary gives the context of the error (I have not wept this forty years), the correct or 'target' form ('these forty years'), the name of the authors quoted by the grammarians ('Addison', 'Swift'), and the labels which sum up their assessment of the error ('absurd', 'solecism'). It operates with error categories such as ambiguity, ellipsis and government (fourteen in all), which are subdivided into grammatically described main entries, subentries, and so on. The Introduction includes a guide to the use of the Dictionary, the grammatical code, and a discussion of grammatical concepts, error typologies, problems of identifying literary sources, attitudes to correctness, grammatical figures, and other topics. A Bibliography and an Index of lexical items and technical terms round off the volume. The way the Dictionary is organized should make it possible to find in it the answer to a wide variety of questions pertaining to grammar, style and linguistic historiography.

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Contents

Introduction
1
n The eighteenthcentury grammar book
4
Parts of speech
6
Syntax
7
Exercises
8
Grammatical figures
10
Authorship
12
in Principles of delimitation and selection
13
Source forms
56
Entry headings
57
Alphabetical lists
58
Labels
59
AMBIGUITY
71
COLLOCATION
82
CONCORD
102
CONTRACTION
159

Sources
14
Citations
15
Error typologies
16
Overall structure
18
Error categories
19
Sources quoted by the grammarians
25
Alphabetical list
26
Frequency list
35
Labels
38
Index
44
Guide to the use of the Dictionary
53
Source references
54
Page references
55
COOCCURRENCE
166
DIFFERENTIATION
196
ELLIPSIS
241
GOVERNMENT
264
INFLECTION
283
PHRASEOLOGY
314
REDUNDANCY
347
SEQUENCE
380
TAUTOLOGY
402
TRANSPOSITION
414
Bibliography
439
Index
463
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