A Dictionary of the Anglo-Saxon Language,: Containing the Accentuation - the Grammatical Inflections - the Irregular Words Referred to Their Themes - the Parallel Terms from the Other Gothic Languages - the Meaning of the Anglo-Saxon in English and Latin - and Copious English and Latin Indexes, Serving as a Dictionary of English and Anglo-Saxon, as Well as of Latin and Anglo-Saxon ...
Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, Talboys, Oxford; Stevenson, Cambridge., 1838 - English language - 721 pages
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Page xxxiv - THE were was therefore the penalty by which his safety was guarded, and his crimes prevented or punished. If he violated certain laws, it was his legal mulct; if he were himself attacked, it was the penalty inflicted on others. Hence it became the measure and mark of a man's personal rank and consequence, because its amount was exactly regulated by his condition in life.
Page xcix - IT has been already mentioned, that it was a rank attainable by all, even by the servile, and that the requisites which constituted the dignity are stated in the laws to have been the possession of five hides of his own land, a church, a kitchen, a bell-house, a judicial seat at the burgh gate, and a distinct office or station in the king's hall. It is not clear whether this means an office in the king's household, or a seat in the witena-gemot. The latter has some probabilities in its favour.
Page xxii - This is also his materials which he must have beside the tools; provision for the three classes. This is, then, their provision; land to inhabit, and gifts, and weapons, and meat, and...
Page xxv - THE value of the scaet in the time of Ethelbert would appear, from one sort of reasoning, to have been the twentieth part of a shilling. His laws enjoin a penalty of twenty scyllinga for the loss of the thumb, and three scyllinga for the thumb-nail. It is afterwards declared that the loss of the great toe is to be compensated by ten scyllinga, and the other toes by half the price of the fingers. It is immediately added, that for the nail of the great toe thirty sceatta must be paid to bot.
Page viii - Of some herbs, or some wood, the native soil is on hills, of some in marshes, of some on moors, of some on rocks, of some on bare sands. Take, therefore, tree or herb, whichsoever thou wilt, from the place which is its native soil and country to grow in, and set it in a place unnatural to it, then will it not grow there at all, but will wither. For the nature of every land is, that...
Page c - AS smith — any one who strikes or smites with a hammer, an 'artificer, a carpenter, smith, workman.
Page x - of pence", or "in pence"; because the silver penny, derived from the Roman "denarius", was the standard coin in this country for more than a thousand years. It was also used as a weight, being the twentieth part of an ounce. (30) Since called "sheriff"; ie the reve, or steward, of the shire. "Exactor regis".
Page viii - I always did ; and I will say to thee, that it is naught that men say, that anything may happen by chance. Because everything comes from certain things, therefore it has not happened by chance : but if it had come from nothing, then it would have happened by chance. 6. Then said I, But whence came the name first ? Then said he, My beloved Aristotle has explained it in the book called Physica.
Page liii - Then said I, What is that ? Then said he, It is that the same man perceives in separate ways what he perceives in others. He perceives it through the eyes separately ; through the ears separately ; through his imagination separately ; through reason separately : through intelligence. Many living creatures are unmoving, as for instance, shell-fishes are, and have, nevertheless, some portion of sense, for they could not otherwise live, if they had no particle of sense. Some can see, some can hear,...
Page xxii - So narrowly, indeed,' continues the chronicler, ' did he direct it to be inquired into, that there was not a single hyde or yard of land unmeasured. Nor further, it is a shame to tell, but he thought it no shame to do, an ox, a cow, or a swine was not left, but what was' put down in his writings, and the writings were all brought to him afterwards.