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30 acres Aberdeen ability acre of cultivated admitted afford agriculture amount barren better bolls of grain cafe circumstances of farmers commonly computation consequently considerable cottars crofters desart difficult cultivation doubt dung emigrants employed at home employed in cultivating encrease England expence Extent of Farms fame farmers and labourers favourable fewel foil and climate gentlemen grain farms greatly half heritor highlands human sustenance husbandry impediments improvement infield kinds kingdom labour and manure land produce least less manage manufactures medium millions mosses nants native country necessary neighbour neral number of families number of farmers number of inhabitants Numbers of Mankind oats obstacles otherways outfield parishes peat plough poor present number probable produce of Scotland profits proper quantities reckoned render rent Scots Scotsmen sequent servants situation square miles sterl strength and stock supposed tain tennants things thro tillage tivated uncultivated whole number wood yearly yield
Page 27 - ... or two of acres will break no squares, and to nearer than that I believe the very best of our maps are not true. The method I took for the doing it was by weighing in nice scales that part of the sheet-map of England copied from Mr. [John] Adams (which I esteem the best), that represents the land, and comparing the weight of the whole with that of a circle taken out of the middle of the map, whose diameter was 138! miles or two degrees (which is the greatest that the kingdom can afford, being...
Page 41 - Indeed one can scarcely regard it but as a secret fascination, that so many Europeans go in quest of distant seats in America, while the lands in Europe are so poorly cultivated, and with a proper policy might plentifully maintain a much greater number of people.
Page 53 - Grant (A Dissertation on the Chief Obstacles to the Improvement of Land, 1760, 53) ' a midling farm there (Aberdeenshire) generally, consists of ground divided as follows, viz. : Acres Infield or land still in bear and oats, and dunged every third year 24 Outfield, kept half ley, half oats, and toathed every loth year . 40 Faughs, kept half ley, half oats, but never dunged or toathed . 10 Of other land, according to the situation of the farm, either laighs (low wet grounds ploughed only in dry seasons),...