A Dissertation on the Course and Probable Termination of the Niger

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J. Murray, 1829 - Africa - 195 pages

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Page 71 - In the same way shall perish the Nile of Egypt and its valley ! its pyramids, its temples, and its cities ! The Delta shall become a plashy quicksand — a second Syrtis ! and the Nile shall cease to exist from the lower cataract downwards...
Page 136 - I deny to myself an indulgence in the dream, if dream it be, — which presented to me the great Nile of Central Africa rolling forwards majestically to the shores of the Mediterranean, through countries then swarming with people, and animated by intelligence ; and through vallies either bespangled by cities, or enamelled by the varied productions of a luxuriant soil, fertilized by the waters of a noble stream whose very existence has been for centuries forgotten...
Page 68 - and thus,' he adds, ' has been rubbed out from the face of the earth a river which had once its cities, its sages, its warriors, its works of art, and its inundations like like the classic Nile ; but which so existed in days of which we have scarcely a record/ (p.
Page 111 - Zaire,' did not occur to him, as being applicable also to other persons besides Park, • — particularly when he was writing the following paragraph. ' This notion is repugnant to all that is knoWn of the courses of all the great rivers in the world, as well as against all that can be inferred by analogy ; by which we may and do infer that, as we have seen nothing of the kind before, so we are not likely to see in the Niger the phenomenon of a great river first of all taking one decided course...
Page 71 - ... gradually diminishing in height, particularly on their western sides ; and we read of towns and villages which have been buried in the desert, but which once stood in fertile 'soils, some of whose minarets were still visible a few years ago, attesting the powers of the invading sand. * * * Advancing, I repeat, to the annihilation of Egypt and all her glories, with the silence, but with the certainty too, of all-devouring time.
Page 176 - ... at Kattagum, four days WSW of the capital of Bornou, where it runs into a lake, called the Tsaad. Beyond this lake, a large river runs through Baghermee, and is called the Gambarro and Kamadakoo ; the word Nil being also used for the same stream. — Thus far are we able to trace the Nil, and all other accounts are merely conjectural. All agree, however, that by one route or other, these waters join the great Nile of Egypt, to the southward of Dongola.
Page 64 - Bilmah, could reach the sea: and, thirdly, the very phaenomenon which I have contended would occur if the river were any where dammed up in its passage, actually does occur in the very line between the Lake Domboo and the Syrtis, if any reliance can be placed on the maps we have, near the...
Page 176 - Lake, into which many y streams discharge themselves after the summer rains. It is then, for some months, of such extent, that the opposite shores cannot be seen, and the people catch many fish, and go about on it in boats. In the early part of the spring, when the great heats come on, it soon changes its appearance, and dries up, with the exception of a small rill. This streamlet, which runs through the centre of its bed, is called by the same name, and comes from the westward, taking an easterly...
Page 63 - Solinus, is called in, who administers a ' vadosum ac reciprocum mare,' and describes the earth as being there — ' perflabilem ibi terram, ventis penetrantibus subitam vim spiritus citissimi aut revomere maria, aut resorbere.' 'This,' says the General, ' is just the effect I should suppose would be produced by a river emerging from sands meeting with the sea on a level with itself; indeed the description is complete, and the words " perflabilem," and " revomere maria aut resorbere,
Page 32 - Chelonidae, with the Garamantica Pharanx, and other places he mentions in speaking of the Geir, when I found that in laying them down I had exhausted all the longitude I had at my disposal; and that by a formidable land slip of seven degrees eastward, I was overlying almost the whole of Bornou, the whole of Darfoor, and all the western part of Abyssinia ; and the Lakes Chelonidae and Nuba and the Garamantica Pharanx had taken possession of the bed of the Egyptian Nile, whose general course was in...

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