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A General History of Europe (350-1900) (Classic Reprint)
Oliver J. Thatcher
No preview available - 2018
alliance army Austria became bishop of Rome Bohemia called Catholic century Chap Charles Christian Church cities civil claims clergy conquered conquest Constantinople council court crown crusade death declared duchy duke Dutch east elected emperor empire England English established Europe feudal fief France Frederick French Germany Greek Gregory Hapsburg Henry Henry III Henry's History House of Hapsburg Huguenots imperial independent Italy Justinian Karl Kerbogha king king's kingdom land large number League Lombardy lord Louis Ludwig Luther Macmillan Mary ment Middle Age Milan Mohammed Mohammedans monasteries monasticism monks Napoleon Netherlands nobility nobles Norsemen Otto papacy papal Parliament party peace Peace of Westphalia Philip political pope possession princes Protestant Protestantism provinces Prussia reform reign religious Renaissance revolt Rhine Roman royal rule Scribner Sicily Slavs soon Spain Spanish SPECIAL TOPICS struggle succeeded success successor territory throne tion took troops vassal victory William
Page 571 - Its boundaries were drawn on the north by the Danube, and on the south by the Balkan Mountains.
Page 283 - ... decision was afterward founded the Treaty of Partition of the Ocean, concluded at Tordesillas, in Spain, June 7, 1494, between the governments of Spain and Portugal. By this treaty the Portuguese were to enjoy and possess the exclusive right to all the seas and territories east of a meridian line passing three hundred and seventy leagues west of the Cape Verde Islands, and the Spaniards were to possess the same right to all the seas and lands west of that line. The two nations thus settled the...
Page 517 - On March i he landed unexpectedly near Cannes, accompanied by a guard of eight hundred of his old veterans, who had been permitted to attend him in exile, and no sooner had he displayed his banners, than his former soldiers streamed to the standards to which they were attached with heart and soul by innumerable glorious memories. Marshal Ney, who was sent out by Louis XVIII. to take Napoleon captive, broke into tears at sight of his old leader, and folded him in his arms. There was no resisting the...
Page 8 - ... annexed extensive areas in Europe, Asia, and Africa, but who had come to feel that the empire did not have the resources necessary to conquer, hold, and impose its culture upon additional peoples. With rare exceptions the later Roman emperors followed his advice. At the time of Augustus' death in 14 AD the Roman Empire extended from the Atlantic in the west to the Euphrates and the Syrian Desert in the east, and from the Rhine-Danube line in the north to the African deserts in the south. Augustus...
Page 60 - In this tomb lies the body of Charles, the Great and Orthodox Emperor, who gloriously extended the kingdom of the Franks, and reigned prosperously for forty-seven years. He died at the age of seventy, in the year of our Lord 814, the 7th Indiction, on the 28th day of January.
Page 411 - ... principles. In 1655 he began persecuting those who held to the Book of Common Prayer, and long before his end he had the bitter conviction that the government of the Puritan Commonwealth rested on no single principle that had taken root in the nation, and that it lived entirely by the will and vigor of one man.
Page 450 - Germany, and seemed on the point of becoming mistress of Germany.') Aware that in that case he could not hold his new conquest a year, Frederick was moved to strike a second blow. In 1744 he began the Second Silesian War, in which his calculations were completely successful. (He first relieved the French and the Bavarians by drawing the Austrians upon himself, and then he defeated his enemy signally at the battle of Hohenfriedberg (1745). On Christmas day, 1745, Maria Theresa bought her peace of...
Page 20 - Christian churches were to be destroyed; all copies of the Bible were to be burned; all Christians were to be deprived of public office and civil rights; and at last all, without exception, were to sacrifice to the gods upon pain of death.
Page 191 - They studied physiology and hygiene, and ^°ry " their "unatcria medica" was practically the same as ours to-day. ^lany of their methods of treatment are still in use among us. Their surgeons understood the use of anaesthetics and performed some of the most difficult operations known. At the time when in Europe the practice of medicine was forbidden by the Church, which expected cures to be effected by religious rites performed by the c'ergy, the Arabs had a real science of medicine.