A Grammar of Crow
Crow, a Siouan language spoken on the Crow Reservation in southeastern Montana, remains one of the most vital Native American languages, with several thousand speakers. A Grammar of Crow is the first detailed description of the Crow language in a contemporary linguistic framework. Randolph Graczyk draws on more than thirty-five years of daily contact with speakers of the language and his training as a linguist to offer an in-depth description and analysis of the crucial elements of the language, illustrated with numerous examples. The grammar is primarily descriptive, couched in terms of universal linguistic theory. It examines phonological, morphological, and syntactic features and treats the major phonological and morphological structures of Crow, paying considerable attention to the syntax of relative and subordinate clauses, noun incorporation, and various serial verb constructions. The switch reference system is also discussed in detail.
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1 Consonants in phonemic representation and orthography
5 Consonant clusters
21 other sections not shown
A-set ablaut accent Active inflection active verbs adverbs allophones arguments B-set pronominals Bachee bishi Bitaa bound pronominals causativized citation form clausal clause-final clitic combines complement construction cooccur coreferential cosubordinate Crow Crow language daachi deetd deictic direct causative discourse discussed eehk final glossed Harold head noun Hidatsa hileen hinne horse huu-k iehk illustrated imperative inalienably possessed incorporated independent inflected for person instrumental prefixes intransitive Isahkaa Isshii kalakoon koon kootda lexical noun phrases long vowel man-DET marked morpheme morphological nominal noun phrase null object occur paradigm phonemic phonological phrase structure rule plural possessor postpositional phrase pronominal prefixes pronouns punctual quantifiers reduplicated reflexive relative clause relativizer same-subject marker say.PL-DECL second person forms semantics sentence-final sentences short vowel stative verbs subordinate clauses suffix switch reference syntactic Table third person transitive verb Uuwat verb complex verb stem xaxua