A Grammar of Hup
This work is a reference grammar of Hup, a member of the Nadahup family (also known as Mak or Vaups-Japura), which is spoken in the fascinatingly multilingual Vaups region of the northwest Amazon. This detailed description and analysis is informed by a functional-typological perspective, with particular reference to areal contact and grammaticalization. The grammar begins with an introduction to the cultural and linguistic background of Hup speakers, gives an overview of the phonology, and follows this with chapters on morphosyntax (nominal morphology, verbs and verb compounding, tense, aspect, modality, evidentiality, etc.); it concludes with discussions of negation, the simple clause, and clause combining. A number of features of Hup grammar are typologically significant, such as its strategy of inversion in question formation, its system of Differential Object Marking, and its treatment of possession. Hup also exhibits several highly unusual paths of grammaticalization, such as the development of a verbal future suffix from the noun stick, tree. The book also includes a selection of texts and a CD-ROM with audio files.
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3sg-OBJ 3sg.POSS adjective adverbial Aikhenvald animacy appear aspect b'ay bound nouns Boundary Suffix clause-final clitics compounds consonant construction context contrast cross-linguistically d'ah Declarative dialect discussed distinct DST.CNTR Dynamic enclitic entities event evidential example expression Factitive fish function glottal stop glottalized glottalized consonants grammatical grammaticalization Hup's Hupd'ah ideophones illustrated imperative Inchoative inflectional Inner Suffix Interactional interrogative involve kin terms languages lexeme lexical locative lsg.OBJ main clause manioc marking morphemes morphological Nadahup Nadeb nasal negation negative Note noun phrase Nukak object Oblique occur particle pattern phonological plural Portuguese postpositions pronoun reference Reflexive relative clause River Indians semantic speech strategy stress syllable Tariana Tat Deh that.ITG that.ITG-DECL tih-in tion tive tone Tukano Tukanoan typically Umari Norte usually variant Vaupes verb root verb stem verbal vowel vowel-initial suffix word Yuhup yuw-uh