A Grammar of Jamul Tipay
Today 28 members of the Jamul Band of Mission Indians live on their six-acre reservation about 20 miles east of downtown San Diego, with others living on other reservations or in nearby urban areas. Fewer than ten still speak the language, all of them adults of at least middle age. Sorting through various controversies, Miller identifies Jamul as a variety of the Kumeyaay, or Diegueno, language Tiipay, itself part of the Yuman language family once spoken in the wider region. She describes the phonology, lexical structure, derivation, inflection, clause structure, clause combining, and auxiliary constructions. Sample texts and notes on discourse are also included. She has written widely about the language. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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akway allomorph appears attested auxiliary constructions Auxiliary Verb causative stems chaw clause-linking clitic clusters Cocopa cognate complement clause consonant coreference Couro denote dependent clause derived distributive action plural emphatic followed glottal stop I+SJ inflect for person inflected intransitive irrealis Jamul kenaach kinship terms Kumeyaay Langdon length ablaut lenition lexical prefix locational auxiliary logical subject main verb marked me+ABS Mesa Grande Iipay morphemes morphological morphophonemic morphophonemic rule naynaa noun phrase nyaach nyaap nyapuum object periphrastic person of subject person subject prefix pheme plural form plural stems plural-subject form postposed predicate nominal construction prefix aa prefix ch puu-ch realis realis mood reference clause relative clause root vowel rule 3.b s/he schwa semantically stative stressed vowel suffix switch reference construction switch reference marker syntactic prefix that.one-SJ third person subject transitive verb unstressed uuyaaw verb stems Walker wiiw word xemaaw Yuma Yuman languages