A Grammar of Kwaza
This is a comprehensive description of the Kwaza language of Southern Rondonia, in the Brazilian Amazon. Kwaza is not clearly related to any other known language. Until recently, almost nothing was known about Kwaza and with only 25 remaining speakers this indigenous language is likely to become extinct some time this century. Moreover, the history and the culture of its speakers are otherwise undocumented. The present work is part of an attempt to preserve the Kwaza language. Part I deals with the grammar of Kwaza in detail and gives an overview of its social, cultural and historical context. Part II contains a selection of Kwaza texts with morphological analyses and free translations. Part III is a dictionary of Kwaza, with many examples and an English-Kwaza register."
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The sounds of Kwaza
Parts of speech and constituent order
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a'xy adverb adverbial clause Aikana allomorph attested attributive atxi'txi Bueno river chicha classifier coffee combination compound connotation construction contain context cosubordinative cross-reference morpheme declarative mood discussed drink E-noun e'tay element eto'hoi expressed following examples free lexical form function genipap gerundial Gleba going grammatical hary'ky ideophone imperative inflexion interpretation interrogative jaguar jere'xwa Joao Kanoe kill Kwaza Kwaza language language lexicalised maize Margarida Mario matrix clause meaning medial clause minimal pairs mood marker morphological negative nominal Note noun object occurs particle person and mood person marking person plural person subject pheme phonemic Pimenta Bueno Portuguese possible predicate probably pronoun reduplication refers river Rondonia S-DEC second person semantic sense someone speaker species stress suffix switch reference syllable ta'na tapir third person declarative transitiviser translated tree tucuma Unidentified verb root verb stem verbal vowel word ywy'nwy zero-verbalised zjwau