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accent adjectives adverbs aefter alliteration ancient Anglo Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Saxon literature baet Bám belong Boet bonne burh butan change of vowel chief letter Class consonant cweb cyning Danish Danish language dative Decl declensions Denmark dialects drihten ealle Engl English faeder final rime forms gender genitive Germ German godes Gothic tongues haefde heó heora Hickes hime hine hund Icel Icelandic Imper imperfect inflection instance language Latin lice masc metre Neut neuter Norway nouns nouns substantive Old-Saxon paer paes paet pám pára plur plural poem poetry ponne pres pronoun Saxons Scandinavian se-pe secge short signification simple order Sing sometimes sound species of verse sub-letters subj substantive swā Swedish swylce sylf termination Teutonic tion tyrf verbs versification vowel words
Page xxi - Anglo-Saxon cannot,' says Professor Rask, ' with the faintest semblance of truth, be assumed as the foundation of the Danish ; such a hypothesis would be at variance with all historical accounts, and against all internal evidence derived from the structure of the language itself. On the contrary, the Danish is closely allied to the Swedish, and both, in the earliest times, lapse into the Icelandic, which, according to all ancient records, was formerly universal over all the North, and must therefore...
Page 128 - Lay not up for yourselves treasure upon the earth ; where the rust and moth doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal : but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven ; where neither rust nor moth doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through and steal.
Page xlii - William's laws even were issued in French. A fragment of the Saxon Chronicle, published by Lye, concluding with the year 1079, is still in pretty correct Anglo-Saxon; but in the continuation of the same Chronicle, from 1135 to 1140, almost all the inflexions of (he language are either changed or neglected, as well as the orthography, and most of the old phrases and idioms.
Page xli - No. 73. 43 was almost entirely lost, and after an interval of some centuries, re-appeared as a new tongue, — the modern English. We thus find here the same changes, which took place in the languages of Germany and the North, though no where was the transition attended with such violence as in England, and no where has it left such manifest and indelible traces as in the English language. We have here an ancient, fixed, and regular tongue, which, during a space of five hundred years, preserved itself...
Page xl - AngloSaxon tongue appears to have been in its origin a rude mixture of the dialects of the Saxons, the Angles, and the Jutes, but we are not acquainted with it in that state, these dialects having soon coalesced into one language, as the various kindred tribes soon united to form one nation, after they had taken possession of England. With the introduction of Christianity and the Roman alphabet, their literature began.
Page 129 - ... Rask says—' The Saxon alliteration is thus constructed : in two adjacent and connected lines of verse there must be three words which begin with one and the same letter, so that the third or last alliterative word stands the first word in the second line, and the first two words are both introduced in the first line.
Page 191 - A Saxon Treatise concerning the Old and New Testament, written about the time of King Edgar (700 yeares agoe) by /Elfricus Abbas : now first published with the English of our times, by William LISLE.
Page ix - That the Angles were a Teutonic race is not only probable, but almost certain, from the fact, that the dialect of these invaders so soon coalesced into one common tongue, and assumed a character so decidedly Teutonic, that, with the exception of a few Normanisms, introduced in later times, there is scarcely a vestige deserving notice of the old Scandinavian, or of Danish structure, to be found in Anglo-Saxon ; so that in this respect, even the Old-Saxon bears a stronger resemblance to the Scandinavian...
Page 19 - ... of the first Order (verba pura) and 6 of the complex (verba impura). Even of the adjective, besides the definite forms corresponding to the simple order of nouns, there are two other declensions, the one forming the feminine in u corresponding to the 3d. decl. of nouns in u (S.
Page xlii - Chronicle, from 1 135 to 1 140, almost all the inflexions of ihe language are either changed or neglected, as well as the orthography, and most of the old phrases and idioms. We may, therefore, fix the year 1100, as the limit of the Anglo-Saxon tongue. The confusion, which prevailed after 1100 belongs to the old English period.* The Saxon tongue was at length so altered and corrupted as to become nearly useless.