A grammar of the Arabic language, Volume 1

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Williams and Norgate, 1859 - Arabic language
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Page 5 - Persians, unpronounceable) guttural, related in its nature to _, with which it is sometimes confounded. It is described as produced by a smart compression of the upper part of the windpipe and forcible emission of the breath.
Page x - Hebrew, Phoenician, and Aramaic (Chaldee and Syriac) — are as closely connected with one another as the Romance languages — Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Provencal, and French; they are all daughters of a deceased mother, standing to them in the relation of Latin to the other European languages just specified.
Page 1 - CJjarl *-J^- hurufu ^ttahajj'i) are thirty-five in number, and are all consonants, though three of them are also used as vowels. When grouped into words, they are (with nine exceptions) connected with one another, and several of the letters assume somewhat different shapes according as they stand at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a connected group. The following Table exhibits the several forms of the letters...
Page 28 - The vowel i in the same position has generally an intransitive signification, u invariably so. The distinction between them is, that i indicates a temporary state or condition, or a merely accidental quality in persons or things ; whilst u indicates a permanent state or a naturally inherent quality
Page 31 - When the first or fourth form denotes an act, the relation of which to an object is expressed by means of a preposition (indirect object), the third form converts that indirect object into the immediate or direct object of the act (accusative). The idea of reciprocity is here, as in the former case, more or less distinctly ^ O"O .- ^ ^. — implied. E. g. viLQt jt JJo he wrote (a letter] to the king, dLLJt v^J'fe...
Page viii - ... matters is not surprising. The natives of the Continent—even those whose connexion with the East is small or absolutely none—are better off. France can point to De Sacy (whose immortal work has been the basis of all subsequent grammars), and to Bresnier ; Germany to Ewald, Schier, and Caspari; Holland to Roorda. It is inconvenient, however, for a teacher to use a book written in a foreign language, particularly if that language be German, which is, I regret to say, as yet but little cultivated...
Page 189 - The plurales fracti are consequently, strictly speaking, singulars with a collective signification, and often approach in their nature to abstract nouns. Hence, too, they are all of the fern, gender, and can be used as masc.
Page 10 - The marks of the short vowels when doubled are pronounced with the addition of the sound n, *
Page 229 - It also serves to mark the position of a past act or event as prior to the present time or to another past act or event, and consequently expresses merely our Per/", or Pluperf. With the Imperfect it means sometimes, perhaps. 17) L ever; always with the Perfect and a negative, as JLs k>K L> I have never seen him. 18) Sis
Page 189 - As regards their meaning, the plurales fracli are totally different from the sound plurals; for the latter denote several distinct individuals of a genus, the former a number of individuals viewed collectively, the idea of individuality being wholly suppressed. For example...

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