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17th century ablaut ablaut-series accent according accusative adjective adverb archaic belong century classics common Compare Eng connecting vowel consonant dative declension definite article denotes dependent clause derived dialects diphthong English fann fein feminine fern force foreign words frequently gender genitive German grammatical gender indefinite infinitive inflected Low German main clause masc masculine means neuter nid)t nidjt Notice nouns numerous o-stems object older origin passive past participle pluperfect plural preceded predicate prefix preposition pres present pret preterit pronunciation Prov rare roerben rule sentence singular sonant spirant spoken language stands strong verbs subj subjunctive substantive suffix superlative surd syllable Syntax tive transition umlaut unaccented uninflected Verner's Law weak verbs
Page 18 - After ein, fein, and the possessive pronouns the adjective is strong in the nominative singular of all genders and in the accusative singular of feminine and neuter, since it is like the nominative.
Page 130 - Er lest aber red für ohren gehen (nicht achten). Fsp. 41, 35. * Brandt, German Grammar, p. 130, says: "Vor and für are doublets and come from fora and furi respectively. In MHG für with accusative answered the question whither? Vor with the dative the question where? In NHG they were confounded even in Lessing very frequently, but in the last seventy years the present syntactical difference has prevailed. Goethe and Schiller rarely confound them.
Page 139 - An Adjective Clause is introduced by a Relative Pronoun or by a Relative Adverb; as, Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown.
Page 105 - It is closely related to the present sub 2 and 3, and generally translated by " have been " + present participle. 5. The future present, that is, the present with the force of the future, is much more frequent in German than in English. Ex.: 9leirt, nein, id) gebe паф ter Statt jurücf (F.