A Grammar of the Hindi Language: In which are Treated the Standard Hindí, Braj, and the Eastern Hindí of the Rámáyan of Tulsí Dás, Also the Colloquial Dialects of Marwar, Kumaon, Avadh, Baghelkhand, Bhojpur, Etc.; with Copious Philological Notes

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Printed at the Am. Pres. Mission Press and sold by Thacker, Spink, Calcutta, 1876 - Braj language - 415 pages
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Page 188 - Commodify the meaning of the verb whose conjunctive participle stands first in the combination. They are formed by adding to this participle one of certain other verbs, which latter verb in combination with this participle is then conjugated as usual. This second conjugated member does not, however, retain its separate character and significance ; but only modifies, in accordance with the general idea which it embodies, the meaning of the participial element of the combination. Hence English idiom...
Page 182 - to eat up,' etc. 419. As the passive conjugation presents no difficulties, it will be quite sufficient to present a mere synopsis of the more common tenses. "We take, as an example, the verb ftreRT, 'to write,
Page iii - Bájpút chiefs ; in short, throughout an area of more than 248,000 square miles, Hindi is the language of the great mass of the population. Only where Mohammedan influence has long prevailed, as in the large cities, and on account of the almost exclusive currency of Mohammedan speech in Government offices, have many * This estimate is probably too low. Mr. Cust says that the Hindispeaking population of India " cannot fall short of eighty millions " (Modern Languages of the Ea»t Indies, p.
Page 258 - Sanskrit would he classed as instrurnentally dependent must be reckoned ablatively dependent in Hindi. (5) Genitively Dependent Compounds are those in which the relation of the first member to the second is that of a genitive case. These are exceedingly common, both in poetry and in prose. In such compounds, if Tadbhavas, a long vowel or diphthong in the first member is commonly shortened, and the laws of sandhi are neglected. Examples are, of Tadbhava compounds: ^|TITlf71 (wni + *lft ), 'a millionaire,
Page vii - Hindi dialects, the grammar now offered to the public will be found to contain a large amount of matter not to be found in any Hindi grammar hitherto published. I may be allowed to mention the following particulars. i. For practical reasons, that variety of Hindi which agrees in grammatical form with the Urdu has been taken as the basis of the grammar. It is to this form of Hindi, for various reasons, that the student commonly first directs his attention...
Page vi - ... his adversaries, without the aid of a third, and not always disinterested, party. But no effort whatever has yet been made to indicate the actual nature and extent of those dialectic variations, which always perplex, and sometimes discourage, him who really desires a knowledge of the spoken language of the people, as well as that of their books. Thus it was, that, embarrassed by these difficulties, I was led to take up the...
Page 221 - ... reason, and must under no circumstances be offered as a substitute for truth.81 When thus tamed and displayed at the proper time and place, the imagination provides at least an innocent diversion, and may even open new vistas and lead to the discovery of new truths.82 Indeed, by enabling us to live not only in the present but also in the past and future, it lifts us above the level of the lower creatures and demonstrates our kinship with the creator of the world.83 It has been demonstrated that...
Page 51 - Exc. The following are feminine : viz., ^t^ chdndi, ' silver ;' and compounds in which flfri<*T °r *I«W^ (Tf^RiT) is the last member; as, xrf^JjfirJ^rr pdndumrittikd, 'opal;' *fHm^t sondmakkhi,

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