A grammar of the Kabardian language
This is the first comprehensive grammar of a non-Indo-European language from the Northwest Caucasian family in a language other than Russian. Kabardian is complex at every level. The language treated is not the literary standard, but Kabardian as it was found in texts and in the mouths of Kabardians. This study is an advance over grammatical sketches of related languages in that it gives a complete account of the phonology and morphology of the language, accounting for what were previously known as "random variants." A Grammar of the Kabardian Language also gives the reader the first account of the syntax of this language. It will give the area specialist access to the language. It will give the linguist interested in complex languages access to an extraordinarily difficult language, and it will give the theoretical linguist access to a language that exhibits topological exotica at every level of its grammar, from phonetics to the lexicon.
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Phonetics and Phonology
Morphology of the Noun Adjective and Pronoun
The Morphology of the Verb
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a-ba absolutive adverb affixes animacy anti-passive argument structure Besleney book-abs Caucasus causative Circumfixation cliticised clitics co-referential coda Colarusso complementiser complex compounds concord consonant consonantal dative Deep structure deictic deixis deleted derived earth-obl embedded epenthesis ergative examples geometric gerundive girl girl-abs girl-obl glide glottis grammar homophony horizon of interest house-obl indefinite indirect object inflection interrogative intransitive Kabardian Kardanov Kuipers languages linguistic locative man-abs man-obl meat-abs morphemes morphology N-afx Nart sagas Narts negative node nominal Northwest Caucasian Northwest Caucasian language oblique overt participial passive past tense past-aff Periphrastic person pronouns personal index pharyngealisation phonological phrase position possessive postposed postpositions pre-verb predicative prefix pSaaSa-r reciprocal referential reflexive relative clause rightward role root rule Satanaya Schwa semantic sentence sentential sonorant stative stem subordination suffix syllable syntactical syntax third person Three-place transitive Tlepsh tree two-place transitive Ubykh Underlying form verb verbal indices vowel vowel-colouring wana-m West Circassian you(pl