A Grammar of the Latin Language: On the Basis of the Grammar of Dr. Alexander Adam ...

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Thomas, Cowperthwaite & Company, 1845 - Latin language - 320 pages
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Page 267 - Obs. l. If the substantives be of different persons, the verb plural must agree with the first person rather than the second, and with the second rather than the third ; as, Si tu et Tullía valêtis, ego et Cicero
Page 59 - Irregular nouns may be reduced to three classes, Variable, Defective, and Redundant. I. VARIABLE NOUNS. Nouns are variable either in gender, or declension, or in both. Heterogeneous Nouns. Those which vary in gender are called heterogeneous, and may be reduced to the following classes : 1. Masculine in the singular, and neuter in the plural.
Page 95 - A verb is properly said to be conjugated, when all its parts are properly classed, or, as it were, yoked together, according to Voice, Mode, Tense, Number, and Person. The conjugation of a verb is the regular formation and arrangement of its several parts,
Page 51 - city, civitatum, and sometimes civitatium. Exc. 2. Nouns in es and is, which do not increase in the genitive singular, have also гит ; as, hostis, an enemy, hostium. So likewise nouns ending in two consonants ; as, gens, a nation, gentium ; urbs, a city, urbium.
Page 22 - A diphthong consists of two vowels forming one syllable, and pronounced by one impulse of the voice. If the sound of both vowels be distinctly heard, it is called a Proper Diphthong; if not, an Improper Diphthong. The proper diphthongs in Latin are commonly reckoned three ; au, eu, ei ; as in
Page 255 - XLIV. The prepositions in, sub, super, and subter, govern the accusative, when motion to a place is signified ; but when motion or rest in a place is signified, in and sub govern the ablative, super and subter either the accusative or ablative. IN, when it signifies into, governs the accusative ; when it signifies in or among-, it governs the ablative.
Page 257 - Hei mihi ! for Hei ! malum est mihi ! Proh dolor ! for Proh ! quantus est dolor ! and so in other examples. THE CONSTRUCTION OF CIRCUMSTANCES. The circumstances, which in Latin are expressed in different cases, are, 1. The Price of a thing: 2. The Cause, Manner and Instrument. 3. Place. 4. Measure and Distance. 5. Time. 1. PRICE.
Page 267 - Obs. 2. If the substantives are of different genders, the adjective or relative plural must agree with the masculine rather than the feminine or neuter ; as, Pater et mater, qui sunt mortui ; but this is only applicable to beings which may have life. The person is sometimes implied ; as, Athenärum et Cratippi, ad quos,
Page 23 - I myself. A simple word is that which is not made up of more than one ; as, plus, pious ; ego, I ; döceo, I teach. A primitive word is that which comes from no other ; as, plus, pious ; disco, I learn ; döceo, I teach. A derivative word is that which comes from another word ; as,
Page 285 - &c. Cic. in Cat. iv. 6. Videre magnos jam videor duces, Non indecoro pulvere sórdidos. Ног. Here a change of tense is often used, as the present for the past, and conjunctions omitted, &c. Virg. xi. 637, &c. 9. EMPHASIS is a particular stress of voice laid on some word in a sentence; as,

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