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Cicero English Epaminondas Exceptions Greek words Hannibal Hence Latin Livy Note Plur Sect Sing ablative according accusative action active adjectives adverbs belong best called case cases common commonly compounds conjugation connexion construction dative declension declined denote denoting derived different ellipsis equivalent especially express expressed expression feminine first follow following form formed forms found fourth frequently future gender generally genitive gerund grow imperative imperfect indicative infinitive joined language latter long make makes masculine may be used meaning mood names neuter nominative noun nouns number object occur participle passive past perfect person place pluperfect plural poets precedes present pronouns proper properly proposition prose writers quum rarely read relative rule same second sense sentence sestertius short singular sometimes sometimes used subject subjunctive substantive supine syllable take takes tenses thing third time tive used usually verb verbs vocative voice vowel word
Page 285 - Marius a subselliis in rostra recta ivit, idque, quod communiter compositum fuerat, solus edixit. NOTE 2. The English language is destitute of a form for expressing the peculiar sense of the Latin present tense passive ; namely, that the act under which the person or thing spoken of is passive, is still going forward at the time supposed. / am being praised, or 7 am in the act of being praised, would express this, but neither phrase is agreeable to the idiom of the English.
Page 375 - Romans always counted forwards to the Calends, Nones, or Ides, never backwards from them. After the first day of the month, therefore, they began to reckon so many days before the Nones ; after the Nones, so many days before the Ides ; after the Ides, so many days before the Calends of the next month.
Page 191 - C. Mucius, adolescens nobilis; cui indignum videbatur, populum Romanum servientem, quum sub regibus esset, nullo bello nee ab hostibus ullis obsessum esse ; liberum...
Page 339 - Omne animal se ipsum diligit, ac simul ut ortum est id agit, ut se conservet, Cic, de Fin.
Page 288 - I dictated," ie to my amanuensis. In writing letters, the Romans used the imperfect tense, to denote what was going on at the time when they wrote, putting themselves, as it were, in the place of the person who recened the letter, and using the tense which would be proper when it came to his hands. — Post fanum putre Vacunce. " Behind the mouldering fane of Vacuna.
Page 277 - Ante and post, when thus placed after the noun, may govern an accusative of the event from which the time is reckoned.
Page 322 - Libertatis autem originem inde magis, quia annuum imperium consulare factum est, quam quod deminutum quicquam 8 sit ex regia potestate, numeres.
Page 266 - Interest and refert are joined with agen- 38 itive of the person whose interest is concerned, or with the neuters mea, tua, sua, nostra, vestra, instead of mei, tui, etc. The degree of importance is expressed by adverbs, or by the neuters of adjectives, or by their genitives. The thing in which any one's interest is involved is not expressed by a substantive, but by an accusative with an infinitive, or by ut with a subjunctive and the interrogative particles. 2.
Page 324 - Quum is properly a relative adverb (the demonstrative of which is tum), and signifies " when," in which sense it governs an indicative mood, and may be joined either with a present, past, or future tense, and may denote either a single action, or one frequently repeated, in which case it is equivalent to quotiescunque.