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A Handbook of Tropical Gardening and Planting, with Special Reference to Ceylon
Hugh Fraser MacMillan
No preview available - 2015
acid acre Africa America annual bark bearing boiled branches Brazil bright budding Cacao Ceylon chiefly climate climber Coconut Colombo colour commonly crimson crop cultivated dried dry region edible exported feet fibre Fl's flavour flowers foliage fruit grass green ground growing grown Hakgala Gardens height herbaceous inches India indigenous insects introduced into Ceylon Java Kl's latter leaves Leguminosae lime Madagascar Malaya Malvaceae manure moist low-country moisture months Myrtaceae Native Country Natural Order Nutmeg Nuwara Eliya obtained orange ornamental ornamental plants oval palm Peradeniya perennial pink pinnate plants pods potash pots produced Propagated by seed purple Queensland quick-growing racemes rainfall ripe roots rubber Scarlet scented season seed seedlings shade showy shrub Sinhalese small tree soil sometimes South India sowing sown species stems succulent sugar suitable suited surface thrives best tropics tubers up-country usually var's vegetable weeds West Indies yellow yield
Page 649 - It is fair to presume that the product will be the 48,560th part of an acre's produce. To prove it, go through the field, and make ten or twenty similar calculations, and estimate by the mean of the whole number of results. It will certainly enable a farmer to make a closer calculation of what a field will produce, than he can do by guessing.
Page 292 - Amherstia thrives in the moist low-country up to 1,600 ft., and requires deep, rich and well-drained soil. It does not seem to flourish near the sea, and is rarely met with about Colombo. It produces seed very scantily anywhere, a pod or two (which are flat, brown, 6-8 in.
Page 160 - April, and the fruit is ripe in July or August. Durian fruits are variable in size, shape, flavor, and quantity of pulp, according to variety. The trees also vary in productiveness, some varieties being almost barren. Selection and high cultivation should, therefore, be practiced in order to obtain the best fruits. The tree is readily propagated by seed if sown fresh ; the seed is of short vitality and germinates in seven to eight days.
Page 164 - The delicate white juicy pulp surrounding and adhering to the seed is the part eaten. In striking contrast to it is the dense, thick, reddish rind. containing tannic acid and a dye.
Page 240 - This has long been in high repute in China as a vegetable. Mr. Hughes, late Commissioner of Customs at Chefoo, stated : " When boiled it is nearly as good as Sea-kale ; eaten raw, in a salad, it is of so delicate a flavour that I know of no vegetable in England to approach it.
Page 37 - This mode of enriching the soil is considered to be one of the most economical as well as efficacious, the fresh vegetable matter being returned to the soil with greater benefit, than when it has been decomposed and much of its goodness has been lost in the process of rotting and fermentation.
Page 60 - ... variety. An ingenious method for watering the gootee . is described by Firminger, as follows: A piece of rope has a knot tied at one end of it, the other end is passed within the pot and drawn through the hole at its bottom until the knot is brought down to fall upon and close up the hole. The rope, thus secured by its knotted end within the pot, is carried on at full stretch and coiled around the gootee. By this means the water, when poured into the pot, oozes slowly out, trickles down the rope...
Page 24 - Farmyard manure is the most important of all fertilisers as they are supposed to contain all the ingredients required for the growth of crops and also because it causes a certain amount of disintegration of the soil. In addition to its manurial properties it has valuable physical effects upon the texture and water-holding powers of the soil and in dry seasons these may count far more than fertilisers towards ensuring good crops. It restores humus in the soil, gives cohesion to the sandy soils, and...
Page 11 - It is this volume of interspaces that determines the amount of water which a soil will hold when perfectly saturated, or the amount of air which it will contain when dry. The influence of humus on the capacity of a soil for holding moisture is remarkable. Schubler found that after 72 hours...
Page 649 - Stacks of straw are estimated at from 18 to 20 cu. yds. to a ton. To Estimate Grain Crops per Acre. — Frame together four light sticks, measuring exactly a foot square inside, and with this in hand walk into the field and select a spot of fair average yield ; lower the square frame over as many heads as it will enclose, shell out carefully the heads thus enclosed, and weigh the grain. To make the result more reliable, make ten or twenty similar calculations, and estimate by the mean of the...