A Heritage Of Holy Wood: The Legend Of The True Cross In Text And Image

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BRILL, Jan 1, 2004 - Religion - 527 pages
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In the fourth century the idea arose that the Cross on which Christ was crucified had been found by Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine. Thus began a legend that would grow and flourish throughout the Middle Ages and cause the diffusion of countless splinters of holy wood. And where there is wood, there was once a tree. Could it be that the Cross was made from that most noble species, the Tree of Life? So, gathering characters along the way, the legend evolved into a tale that stretches from the Creation to the End of Time. A Heritage of Holy Wood is the first reconstruction of the iconographic and literary tradition of the Legend of the True Cross. Its broad scope encompasses relic cults, pilgrimages, travellers' tales and the Tree of Life and involves Church Fathers, crusader kings, Teutonic Knights and mendicant orders, all of which influenced the legend's depiction from its earliest representation in manuscripts, reliquaries and altarpieces, to the great monumental cycles of the high Middle Ages. If the holy wood was the medium of medieval memory, A Heritage of Holy Wood reveals the growth rings of fifteen centuries of imagery.
 

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P. 270 FIG 68 NON C'è INVENTIO CRUCIS

Contents

Chapter One Helena and the Jews The Legend
15
The Judas Cyriacus legend
42
Chapter Two The Finding of the Cross in Carolingian
54
century Expansion and enhancement
80
Chapter Three Heraclius and the Persians The Legend
133
pilgrimage
164
Chapter Four The spreading of the Finding
194
Tempzin and Marienwerder
216
The Netherlands A periphery?
263
Chapter Five From Paradise to Golgotha The Legend
289
Chapter Six The monumental programmes of the Legend
350
Epilogue
453
Bibliography 455
455
Photographic Acknowledgements
505
Index of Names
519
Copyright

Southern Germany and the Danube basin Nuremberg
238

Common terms and phrases

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About the author (2004)

Barbara Baert, Ph.D. (1997) in History of Art, Catholic University of Leuven, is Professor of Medieval History of Art at the Catholic University of Leuven. She published on the Legend of the True Cross, holy places in Jerusalem, Image-Theory of the Middle Ages, such as the True Face of Christ and gender issues in Iconology, such as Mary Magdalene.

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