A Hidden Revolution
Building upon past insights, Dr. Rivkin moves forward in recognizing the unique contributions and reconstructing the obscure origins of the Pharisees. Through analysis of the writings of the Jewish historian Josephus, the New Testament, and the body of writings known as the Tannaitic literature, he arrives at a valid identity for the Pharisees: a scholar class dedicated to the supremacy of the twofold Law, the Written and the Oral, who opposed the Sadducees (exponents of the sole authority of the Written Law) and who ultimately made the twofold Law operative in Jewish society. Dr. Rivkin asserts that the essence of the Pharisaic "hidden revolution" was a firm and unwavering belief in a triadic doctrine that elevated the individual above the cultic system and made salvation an individual rather than a group matter. In this way, the Pharisees paved the way for Christianity and Islam.
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Who Were the Pharisees?
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Aaron Aaronide affirmed aggadah anonymous halakhah authoritative authority belief Ben Sira Boethusians chief priests Christ commandments death definition disciples doctrine elders eternal Father Gamaliel Gospels Greek ha-aretz haberim haeresis Hakhamim hands unclean Hasmonean Revolt Hebrew Herod Hidden Revolution High Priest High Priesthood hypocrites individual Israel italics added Jerusalem Jesus Jewish Jews Johanan ben Zakkai John Hyrcanus Josephus Judah ben Tabbai Judaism Law of Moses leaders Lord Luke Mark masses Matt Matthew mean Pharisees Mishnah non-Pentateuchal Oral Law paradosis parush Paul Pentateuch perushim Pharisaic Revolution pharisaoi Pharisees Pollion and Samaias priestly proof text prophets punishment render the hands resurrection reveals ritual purity sabbath Sadducees Salome Alexandra Samaias scholar class Scribes and Pharisees Scribes-Pharisees Simon ben Shetah Sira Soferim soul synagogue synonym Synoptics Tannaitic Literature teachers teachings Temple term perushim Testament Torah Tosef Tosefta tractate twofold Law unwritten laws word written Zedukim Zugoth