A Historical and Descriptive Narrative of Twenty Years' Residence in South America: Containing the Travels in Arauco, Chile, Peru, and Colombia; with an Account of the Revolution, Its Rise, Progress, and Results, Volume 2

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Hurst, Robinson & Company, 1829 - Chile

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Page 99 - We were surprised," says Humboldt, in his journey across the plains of Assuary, " to find in this place, and at heights which greatly surpass the top of the peak of Teneriffe, the magnificent remains of a road constructed by the Incas of Peru. This causeway, lined with freestone, may be compared to the finest Roman roads I have seen in Italy, France, or Spain.
Page 406 - I never visited it," says the traveller, " owing to the superstitious dread of the natives who assured me that it was enchanted, and guarded by an enormous dragon, which poured forth thunder and lightning on those who dared to ascend the river.
Page 216 - ... that person would smart for it who should unwarily lay himself down, without the 'necessary precaution of well examining the premises. Another very small insect, called the comejen, although not troublesome in the same manner as the foregoing, is more so in other respects. Its destructive qualities are so active, that in the space of one night it will penetrate the hardest wood, or any other similar substance. I have been assured, that in the same space of time, it has been known to perforate...
Page 64 - On such occasions they are called chasquis, or chasqueros, and this epithet is also given to the different conductors of the mails. The Incas had men stationed on all the principal roads for the transmission of any article belonging to the Inca, who, according to the quality of the road, had to carry it to different distances, some one league, others two, and others three. These men were continually employed, and when one of them arrived, he delivered to the one in waiting whatever he was charged...
Page 64 - ... from them, that they frequently take no food for four or five days, although they are constantly working ; I have often been assured by them, that whilst they have a good supply of coca they feel neither hunger, thirst, nor fatigue, and that, without impairing their health, they can remain eight or ten days and nights without sleep. The leaves are almost insipid ; but when a small quantity of lime is mixed with them they have a very agreeable sweet taste.
Page 251 - ... harpoons, and to the middle of this truncheon a platted thong is fastened. The man takes this in his hand, plunges into the river, and holds it horizontally on the surface of the water, grasping a dead fowl with the same hand, and swimming with the other : he places himself in a right line with the...
Page 124 - Chicama river. United they are about twenty-eight leagues long and eleven broad; their soil, irrigated by the waters of the river, is very fertile, producing most abundant crops of wheat, maize and other pulse, as well as grapes, olives, sugarcane, plantains, pine-apples, lucumas, guavas, mamey apples, custard apples, tumbos, chirimoyas, guanabanas, together with a variety of esculents, potatoes, camotes,yucas, radishes, &c. Formerly the valley of Chicama was called the granary of Peru, and until...
Page 64 - The leaves are almost insipid ; but when a small quantity of lime is mixed with them, they have a very agreeable sweet taste. The natives put a few of the leaves in their mouths, and when they become moist, they add a little lime or ashes of the molle to them, by means of a small stick, taking care not to touch the lips or the teeth : when the taste of the coca diminishes, a small quantity of lime or ashes is added, until the taste disappears, and then the leaves are replaced with fresh ones. They...
Page 22 - The ruins of a fortress of great extent are here visible, the walls are of tempered clay, about six feet thick. The principal building stood on an eminence, but the walls were continued to the foot of it, like regular circumvallations; the ascent winding round the hill like a labyrinth, having many angles which probably served as outworks to defend the place.
Page 156 - Felipe, endeavoured by this method to prevent a misconstruction of his words. On hearing the last question, Valverde gave his breviary to Atahualpa, and told him through Felipe, that that book informed him of all that he wanted to know respecting the true God. The Inca folded over the leaves, examined the book, placed it against his ear and listened, then said, " it is false, it cannot and does not speak,

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