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The new German monarchy the practice of election
THE EMPIRE OF THE OTTOS
THE EMPIRE 10021046
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able Adalbert Alexius Alfonso alliance ally Antioch Aquitaine Aragon archbishop archbishop of Mayence army Bavaria became bishops Bohemia Boleslav brother Burgundy Byzantine capture Carolingian Castile Charlemagne Christian Church Cluny conquest Conrad Constantinople count crown Crusade death decrees defeated died duchy duchy of Bavaria duke East Eastern Emperor ecclesiastical election eleventh century Empire England especially expedition father favour feudal France Frederick gave Germany Gregory VII Henry the Lion Henry's Hugh Hugh Capet Hungary imperial important independence investiture Italian Jerusalem king king of Germany king's kingdom land legates Lombard Lorraine Lothar Louis Magyars marriage Mayence Medieval Milan monasteries Moslems nobles Normandy Normans North Otto Otto III Otto's Papacy peace Philip Poland Pope recognised reform reign revolt Robert Guiscard Roger Roman Rome royal domain ruler Saxony schism Second Crusade Sicily Slavs South Italy Suabia success successor suzerainty territory throne took towns twelfth century vassals victory Welf Western William