A history of Old English meter
In A History of Old English Meter, R. D. Fulk offers a wide-ranging reference on Anglo-Saxon meter. Fulk examines the evidence for chronological and regional variation in the meter of Old English verse, studying such linguistic variables as the treatment or West Germanic parasite vowels, contracted vowels, and short syllables under secondary and tertiary stress, as well as a variety of supposed dialect features. Fulk's study of such variables points the way to a revised understanding of the role of syllable length in the construction of early Germanic meters and furnishes criteria for distinguishing dialectal from poetic features in the language of the major Old English poetic codices. On this basis, it is possible to draw conclusions about the probable dialect origins of much verse, to delineate the characteristics of at least four discrete periods in the development of Old English meter, and with some probability to assign to them many of the longer poems, such as Genesis A, Beowulf and the works of Cynewulf. A History of Old English Meter will be of interest to scholars of Anglo-Saxon, historians of the English language, Germanic philologists, and historical linguists.
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WEST GERMANIC PARASITING
CONTRACTION IN NEGATED VERBS AND INDEFINITE
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2Ala 2Cla 3Blb alliteration ambiguous Amos anacrusis analogical Andreas Anglian Anglian dialects Anglo-Saxon appears assumption back mutation Battle of Maldon Bede's Beowulf Bliss Boethius Brunner caesura Campbell charter Christ chronology coda compounds conclusion consonants contraction Cynewulf Daniel demonstrated dialect diphthong dissyllabic early eighth century Elene emendation evidence example Exeter Book Exodus explained Genesis Germanic glossaries Guthlac ictus inflected instances Juliana Kaluza's law Kentish language late later linguistic Luick Maldon manuscript medial Mercian Meters of Boethius metrical Middle English monosyllabic ninth century nonparasiting Northumbrian off-verse Old English verse Old High German on-verse original orthographic parasiting Paris Psalter perhaps phonological poems poet poetic preterite probably prose Psalms regard relevant rhyme Riddle Saxon scansion scribal scribes secondary stress short Sievers Sisam Southern group spelling stem Studies suffix suggests Sweet's syncope tertiary stress test group texts unambiguous uncontracted forms Univ verses of type West West-Saxon word