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THE INGREDIENTS OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION
River Valleys of the Near
Triumph of Parliament Over
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areas Arianism aristocracy army Asia Minor Balkans barbarians became bishops Byzantine Byzantine Empire Carolingian Catholic century B.C. Charlemagne Charles Christ Christian Church city-states civilization classical clergy Council Crusade culture death decline developed Duke Early Middle Ages East Eastern ecclesiastical economic Egypt Emperor England English established European eventually expansion faith feudal fiefs fifth century forces France Frankish Frankland Franks French Gaul German Greek Henry heresies High Middle Ages imperial important included invasions Islam Italian Italy king kingdom known land Later Middle Ages leader literature London lord Louis Louis the German manor medieval Mediterranean ment Merovingian Mesopotamia military monarchs monasteries Monophysitism Moslem numerous Ostrogoths Papacy papal peasants Pepin III period Persian Philip political Pope princes reform reign religion religious Renaissance Roman Empire Rome royal rule rulers secular Slavs social Spain Spanish territories tion towns vassal Visigoths West western Europe Western Schism York