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aisles apse arches architects architecture Assyrian Athens baptistery barrel vaults basilican church basilicas brick bronze buildings built Byzantine Byzantine Architecture capitals carved Cathedral central centre century B.C. chamber Christian circular Colosseum colour columns concrete Constantine Constantinople construction Corinthian Corinthian order cornice covered decoration diameter dome doorway Doric Doric order drum early east end Eastern Egypt Egyptian entablature entrance Epidaurus Erechtheum erected examples exist externally face feet high feet wide frieze front galleries Greece Greek hall height hexastyle inches interior Ionic Italy Karnak later light lintel marble Mark's metopes mosaics mouldings narthex nave octagonal original ornament palaces Pantheon Parthenon period peristyle Persian piers pilasters porch portico portions proportions pyramids Ravenna remains Roman Rome roofs round Salonica scale sculpture semicircular side similar sixth century slabs sometimes Sophia square stone storeys stucco stylobate surrounded temples thick tiles tombs Torcello transepts triglyphs walls width
Page 192 - Scale 50 ft. to 1 in. After Hubsch. width is about 70 feet, which is divided in the usual way — half to the nave and the other half to the two aisles. The capitals of the columns are the work of Byzantine carvers who, at the end of the tenth century and the beginning of the eleventh, were almost as skilled as their forefathers had been in the sixth.
Page 98 - Mausoleum. the extant remains, it is ascertained that the Mausoleum consisted of a lofty basement, on which stood an oblong edifice surrounded by thirty-six Ionic columns and surmounted by a pyramid of twentyfour steps. This was crowned by a four-horse chariot group in.
Page 84 - The Parthenon. An Essay on the Mode in which Light was introduced into Greek and Roman Temples. By JAMES FERGUSSON.
Page 1 - No people, either ancient or modern, have had a national architecture at once so sublime in scale, so grand in expression, and so free from littleness as that of the ancient Egyptians.
Page 170 - ... Under Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths, who ruled Italy between the years 493 and 526, there was a lull in the fighting and a slight revival of the arts ; but the peace he brought did not last long. In 586 the Lombards, a barbarian race, overran the greater part of the country, and for two hundred years the whole of Italy, except Rome, Ravenna and portions of Venetian territory, remained in their possession. In addition to this disaster, plagues and famines, towards the end of the sixth century,...
Page 247 - German production in the same genre; for the latter, it will be recalled, fell at the end of the twelfth century and beginning of the thirteenth...
Page 186 - ... Pope Sextus III built another and larger church with the entrance at the opposite end, the west, and an apse at the east ; so that the two apses were back to back, as in the Temple of Venus and Rome. In this state the two churches remained, more or less separate from one another, until the beginning of the thirteenth century, when Honorius III destroyed the two apses and threw the two churches into one, adding three more columns to each side. The later church then became the nave, and the earlier...
Page 157 - ... the sun, though obliquely indeed, from the time it rises till the afternoon. When I retire to this garden-apartment, I fancy myself a hundred miles from my own house, and take particular pleasure in it at the feast of the Saturnalia, when, by the licence of that season of joy, every other part of my villa resounds with the mirth of my domestics : thus I neither interrupt their diversions nor they my studies.