A History of Personality Psychology: Theory, Science, and Research from Hellenism to the Twenty-First Century
In this book Frank Dumont presents personality psychology with a fresh description of its current status as well as its prospects. Play, sex, cuisine, creativity, altruism, pets, grieving rituals, and other oft-neglected topics broaden the scope of this fascinating study. This tract is imbued with historical perspectives that reveal the continuity in the evolving science and research of this discipline over the past century. The author places classic schemas and constructs, as well as current principles, in the context of their socio-political catalysts. He further relates this study of the person to life-span developmental issues and to cultural, gender-specific, trait-based, genetic/epigenetic, and evolutionary research findings. Personality psychology has recently reconciled itself to more modest paradigms for describing, explaining, and predicting human behaviour than it generated in the 19th and 20th centuries. This book documents that transformation, providing valuable information for health-service professionals as well as to teachers, researchers, and scientists.
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2 From illness to wellness models of human nature
from youthbased to lifespan models
4 The biology of personality
5 Trait theories and the psychology of individual differences
6 The puzzle of the self
7 Culture and personality
8 Gendered personality
a definition of the Human
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A History of Personality Psychology: Theory, Science, and Research from ...
No preview available - 2012
activities adaptive Adler afﬁrmed Alfred Adler Allport approach assessment Baltes biological brain Carl Gustav Jung Cattell century Chapter character characterized child clinical cognitive complex concept conﬂict construct creative culture Damasio deﬁned deﬁnition developmental developmental psychology difﬁcult domain emotional engage environment evidence evolutionary evolutionary psychology example experience expression extraversion Eysenck factors feelings ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬂow Freud function genes genetic human behavior idiographic individual differences inﬂuence inﬂuential instrument interaction Jung lives males measure ment mental nature neoteny nomothetic norms notion nurture ofthe one’s organism patterns people’s personality disorders personality psychology personality traits personological perspective Pierre Janet play principle psychiatry psychotherapy psychoticism reason reﬂect religious responses schemas scientiﬁc scientists sense sexual shaped signiﬁcant social society species speciﬁc stage stimuli structure theory tion unconscious understanding validity values variables women