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Table of Abbreviations
The Nature of Language
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ablaut adjective adverbs affricate consonant analogy became beside borrowed cause clause cognate common consonant dative declension derived describe dialects diphthong distinction early Middle English early Modern English English dialects English forms English language English spelling etymology example express French fricative genitive Germanic important Indo-European languages infinitive inflexional endings influence large number Latin lengthened lightly stressed linguistic loan-words long vowel meaning metaphor Middle English Middle English period Midland Modern English period noun occur Old English Old English period originally meant past participle phonetic plosives plural present day present indicative preserved preterite preterite-present verb pronunciation represent result semantic semantic change sense sentence seventeenth century short vowels shortening sixteenth century slang sometimes sound sound-changes speakers speech speech-sounds spelt Standard English stem-vowel strong verbs subjunctive suffix survived syllable syntax take place tendency tense third person singular tongue usual variation velar vocabulary voiced voiceless voiceless consonant whereas words