A Letter to His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester: President of the African Institution, Volume 4

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Ellerton and Henderson, 1815 - Africa - 62 pages
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Page 50 - In the first place, the Abolition of itself will not prevent the Africans from still remaining a savage and uncivilized people. To abolish the Slave Trade is not to abolish the violent passions which now find vent in that particular direction. Were it to cease, the misery of Africa would arise from other causes ; but it does not follow that Africa would be less miserable : she might even be less miserable, and yet be savage and uncivilized. This will doubtless be acknowledged : and it may be asked...
Page 23 - So far appears to be in the hand-writing of an amanuensis; the remainder in the same hand with the signature. ' I have one remark to make which you will see to apply to much of •what I have written to you by this conveyance I am not writing for myself, but for others; and am therefore obliged to propose topics of consideration to you, which, but for this circumstance, I myself might have deemed superfluous, and might have saved you the trouble of answering.
Page 23 - I have NO DOUBT that Government will be disposed to adopt almost any plan which we may propose to them, with respect to Africa, provided we will but save them the trouble of thinking.
Page 50 - It is much nearer the truth to affirm, that a self-interested intercourse will take place; and that injuries, retaliations, wars, and conquests, will be the natural effects of any intercourse. That civilization will follow conquests, I more readily allow.
Page 50 - ... impression. They speak of the darkness in which we have kept Africa, and of the happiness which she may now look forward to, as if it were an unquestionable fact that Africa would have been civilized, had it not been for the Slave Trade : nay, further, that civilization, Christianity, and happiness, are now to be looked forward to as the natural effects of Abolition. They say not this in direct terms; to do so would sufficiently expose the absurdity; but it is an obvious, and sometimes an unavoidable,...
Page 51 - ... doubtful cases, severe punishments and more terrible examples must be introduced. Every ancient institution, the power of every hereditary chief, must now be sustained by blood, instead of slavery. It is true, that through the Slave Trade the punishment of many small crimes has been raised into slavery ; but it is no less true, that the punishment of some great ones has been sunk into it. ' The effect will be similar ori the public law by which the intercourse of independent' towns and tribes...
Page 51 - African chief is more ready to protect bis own retainers, whether right or wrong, than to do justice to others. At present, therefore, an injured chief catches the people of his neighbour, and this compels the aggressor to talk the palaver, as otherwise his people would be sold. When it is no longer worth while to catch them by surprise, •50 and hold them as a pledge of justice, the injured party must make war ; and kill his neighbour's people for revenge, since he cannot sell them for satisfaction.
Page 51 - establish a regulated, in order to supersede a contraband, Slave Trade. In the next place I would observe, that the administration of every African government must become extremely severe, if not extremely bloody. When so effectual a punishment as slavery is done away, which yet, as it sheds no blood, is readily executed on petty criminals and in doubtful cases, severe punishments and more terrible examples must be introduced. Every ancient institution, the power of every hereditary chief...
Page 22 - A WORD in private respecting the African Institution. I cannot help regarding it as an important engine. We have many zealous friends in it, high in rank and influence, who, I am persuaded, are anxious to do what can be done both for the colony and for Africa. Mr. Perceval and Mr. Canning are with us decidedly.
Page 39 - ... single point connected with it. One great, it may be almost said, indispensable step to the attainment of the security here spoken of would be, to induce the other nations of the earth to follow the example which has been set them by Great Britain and America, and to relinquish the Trade in Slaves. It cannot be denied that much of the success of any plan, which may be devised with a view to the improvement of Africa, will depend on the degree in which that trade is generally suppressed. At present,...

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