A letter to M. Jean-Baptiste Say: on the comparative expense of free and slave labour

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Hatchard and Son, 1823 - Slave labor - 58 pages
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Page 64 - Annual Report of the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Colour of the United States.
Page 52 - ... a thief, and compare the whole amount with the wages of a manufacturer of iron or wool in England, you will see, that labor is much cheaper there, than it ever can be by negroes here.
Page 7 - That destined for performing the same office with regard to the free man is managed by the free man himself. The disorders which generally prevail in the economy of the rich naturally introduce themselves into the management of the former; the strict frugality and parsimonious attention of the poor as naturally establish themselves in that of the latter.
Page 41 - A few cities enjoy the pleasures of life, " and exhibit palaces, because whole provinces lie desolate, " or contain only wretched hovels, in which you would " expect to find bears rather than men." Coxe observes, in his journey from Stockholm to Carlscrona, " After " having witnessed the slavery of the peasants in Russia and " Poland, it was a pleasing satisfaction to find myself again '- among...
Page 56 - ... much per pecul. Thus the renter knows what every pecul will cost him. He has no unnecessary expense ; for when the crop is over, the last men go home ; and for seven months in the year, the cane-planters only remain, preparing the next crop.
Page 41 - By this law — the palladium of Norway, the peasants are free ; a few only excepted on certain noble estates near Frederickstadt. The benefits of the Norway code are so visible, as to the general effect on the happiness, and on the appearance of the peasants, that a traveller must be blind who does 'not instantly perceive the difference between the free peasants of Norway, and the enslaved vassals of Denmark, though both living under the same government.
Page 34 - With regard to any capital.'' Coxe observes, " which the Russian peasants may have acquired by their industry, it may be seized, and there can be no redress, as according to the old feudal law, which still exists, a slave cannot- institute a process against his master. Hence it occasionally happens, that several peasants who have gained a large capital, cannot purchase their liberty for any sum, because they are subject, as long as they continue slaves, to be pillaged by lheir_ masters." "If the...
Page 60 - The manner in which the public schools are here conducted reflects the greatest credit upon those concerned in their prosperity, and the improvement made by the Scholars proves the aptitude of the African, if moderate pains be taken to instruct him. . I have attended places of public worship in every quarter of the globe, and I do most conscientiously declare, never did 1 witness the ceremonies of religion more piously performed, or more devoutly attended to, than in Sierra Leone.
Page 26 - Petersburg, or other cities, he can still earn more, his master permits his absence, but his abrock is raised. The smallest earnings are subject to this oppression. The peasants employed as drivers at the post-houses, pay an abrock out of the drink-money they receive, for being permitted to drive; as, otherwise, the master might employ them in other less profitable labour on his own account. The aged and infirm are provided with food, and raiment, and lodging, at their owner's expense.
Page 52 - Reckon then the interest of the first purchase of a slave, the insurance or risk on his life, his clothing and diet, expenses in his sickness and loss of time, loss by his neglect of business (neglect is natural to the man who is not to be benefited by his own care or diligence), expense of a driver to keep him at work, and his pilfering from time to time...

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