A Manual of Blow-pipe-analysis: And Determinative Mineralogy

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T. E. Zell, 1866 - Blowpipe - 159 pages

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Page 63 - To test the hardness of a mineral we may proceed in two different manners: firstly, by attempting to scrateh it with the minerals enumerated in the scale, successively, or, secondly, by abrasion with a file. If the file abrades the mineral under trial with the same ease as No. 4, and produces an equal depth of abrasion with the same force, its hardness is said to be 4. If with more facility than 4...
Page 55 - The iron is oxidized at the expense of the phosphoric acid, causing the formation of a borate of the oxide of iron, which fuses at a sufficiently high temperature. The bead is then taken from the...
Page 42 - ... open glass tube, evolve sulphurous acid and yield a sublimate of arsenous oxide. To show in a very decisive manner the presence of arsenic in any of its combinations with sulphur, the powdered assay [No. 80] is mixed with four volumes of neutral oxalate of potassa and a little charcoal powder, or with six parts of a mixture of equal parts of cyanide of potassium and carbonate of soda, the mass introduced into a tube sealed at one end, and heat applied, at first very gently but gradually raised...
Page 62 - Scratches glass, though rather with difficulty, leaving its powder on it. Yields readily to the knife. 6. Scratches glass easily. Yields with difficulty to the knife. 7. Does not yield to the knife.
Page 62 - Chapman : 1. Yields easily to the nail. 2. Yields with difficulty to the nail, or merely receives an impression from it. Does not scratch a copper coin. 3. Scratches a copper coin; but is also scratched by it, being of about the same degree of hardness. 4. Not scratched by a copper coin ; does not scratch glass.

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