A Manual on User Benefit Analysis of Highway and Bus-transit Improvements: 1977
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, 1978 - Roads - 189 pages
This manual provides cost factors, nomographs and guidelines for estimating the economic effects of highway and bus-transit improvements on highway and transit users. It is intended to replace the 1960 AASHTO report "Road User Benefit Analyses for Highway Improvements." This manual presents all of the information needed for economic analysis of most types of highway and bus-transit improvements, including curve elimination, widening or adding lanes, reducing gradients, new road construction, intersection controls, dedication of lanes for buses and changes in bus routes or schedules. However, the manual user must first supply physical and financial data on the improvement and estimate its effect on highway capacity and traffic, transit patronage, miles of bus travel and average bus service speed.
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Summary of Methodology for Economic Analysis of Highway and BusTransit Improvements
Value of Time as a Function of Time Saved by Trip Type
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accident costs alternative analysis period analysis section analyzed annual benefits Appendix assumed automobile average running speed basic section costs benefit-cost ratio benefits and costs budget bus transit CALTRANS capacity Chapter components consumer price index cost per thousand curves derived discount rate dollars economic analysis economic desirability economy study effect example facility Figure freeway fuel consumption grades highway agencies Highway Capacity Manual highway improvements highway user costs included incremental intersection delay costs lanes level of service level tangent manual methodology multiplying Network Effects NHTSA nomographs one-way operating costs passenger car Peak hour peak period present value present worth factor residual value roadway running cost factors selected signal single-unit trucks Table traffic stream traffic volume transit improvement transit system transit user costs Typical hour unit user costs unit value updating vehicle running costs wholesale price indexes