A medical manual for Apothecaries' Hall and other medical boards

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Churchill, 1858 - Health & Fitness - 780 pages
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Page 177 - The fruit is a globular pepo, of the size of a small orange, yellow and smooth when ripe, and contains, within a hard, coriaceous rind, a white spongy, medullary matter, enclosing numerous ovate, compressed, white or brownish seeds. The plant is a native of Turkey, and abounds in the islands of the Archipelago. It grows also in various parts of Africa and Asia.
Page 250 - Musk is a peculiar concrete substance obtained from moschus moschiferus, an animal bearing a close resemblance to the deer in shape and size, and indigenous to the high plateaus of Asia. The musk is contained in an oval, hairy, projecting sac, found only in the male, situated between the umbilicus and the prepuce. It is from two to three inches long and from one to two broad. In the vigorous male animal the sac contains sometimes 6 drachms of musk, but in the old, seldom more than 2 drachms, and...
Page 619 - When the blood is emptied into the right auricle it is directed by the Eustachian valve through the foramen ovale, into the left auricle, thence into the left ventricle, and so into the aorta and to all parts of the system.
Page 317 - This is the fat of the sheep, taken chiefly from about the kidneys. It is of a firm consistence, and requires a higher temperature for melting than any other animal fat.
Page 335 - ... shell being removed, they are put into jars, either with layers of sugar put between them, or boiling syrup poured over them, which penetrates to the bottom. Prepared tamarinds therefore contain much more saccharine matter than the others. According to Vauquelin, prepared tamarinds contain per cent, citric acid 9-40, tartaric acid 1-55, malic acid 0-45, bitartrate of potash 3-25, sugar 2-5, gum 47.
Page 311 - Squill is expectorant, diuretic, and in large doses, emetic and purgative. As an expectorant, it is used both in cases of deficient and superabundant secretion from the bronchial mucous membrane.
Page 371 - ... 102. But if a pound of water at 172 be added to a pound of ice at 32, the ice will quickly dissolve, and on placing a thermometer in the mixture, it will be found to stand, not at 102% but at 32.
Page 173 - The coccus is a genus of hemipterous insects, having the snout or rostrum in the breast, the antennae filiform, and the posterior part of the abdomen furnished with bristles. The male has two erect wings, the female is wingless. The C.
Page 157 - It is apt to become sour if long exinjsed to the air, or moldy if kept in a damp place. It is extracted from the pods by bruising them and then boiling them in water, after which the decoction is evaporated. It may be obtained from fresh pods by opening them at the sutures and removing the pulp with a spatula. The pulp has a sweet, mucilaginous taste. It contains sugar, gum, a substance analogous to tannin, a coloring matter soluble in ether, traces of a principle...
Page 180 - The juice is obtained by making deep incisions into the stems of the trees ; and the operation is said to be repeated several times in the same season. As it flows from the wound, it is clear, colorless, and very thin, but soon acquires a thicker consistence, and a yellowish tinge.

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