## A Method of Speaker Verification |

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### Contents

Time Normalization | 4 |

Decision Procedure | 14 |

Experimental Results | 22 |

6 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

0.75 t NORMALIZED Acoust alignment Amer Appendix Automatic average value cepstrum claimed identity correlation decision functions decision threshold determined duration eight known speakers endpoints equal error rate estimate example experimental error rates formants and pitch Fourier transform gain profile i i i i I i i i i impostor population intuitively KETT key phrase lines represent maximizing mean absolute error mean squared error method msec orthogonal polynomial overall error piecewise linear continuous pitch frequency pitch period polynomial expansion Pr[error/H Pr[FR/HQ probability density function probability of error random reduced reference utterance replications sample utterance second formant segmentation similarity index single number speaker discriminating feature speaker identification Speaker Recognition speaker verification system spectrogram spectrum speech waveform statistically independent steepest ascent procedure step THIRD FORMANT F3 tion training set transmission medium true speakers variation vector verification and speaker Verification Error voiceprint warping function Z-transform