A Narrative of the Drought and Famine which Prevailed in the North-West Provinces During the Years 1868, 1869, and Beginning of 1870

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printed at the Government Press, North-Western Provinces, 1871 - Droughts - 135 pages
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Page 2 - It may be, that with the increase of general wealth, the labourer will eventually be, in ordinary times, better off than he ever was before, but that he will as well resist extraordinary seasons we do not deem probable. There is, wo believe, reason to expect a gradual increase in the classes who may hardly withstand a scarcity not amounting to that extreme famine which involves the whole population.
Page 2 - Ibid. hard pushed for a living. Nor is this all. When prices rise to famine heights the employers of labour contract their expenditure and discharge work people whom they can no longer afford. Not only is bread dear but there is no money to buy...
Page 2 - All our commerce and our enterprise, our great works and improved systems', they stated, 'create or increase the class of labourers depending on regular wages : and all increase of private wealth, enabling the richer to entertain labourers who are no longer slaves or serfs, add to this class.
Page 68 - Sunstroke carried off numbers of enfeebled wretches : according to the Deputy Commissioner " men came in weary, and weak, and fasting, took a long draught of water, and fell down and died." Cholera appeared with the rainy season of 1869, and fever of a malignant type — the usual attendant of scanty and inferior food — doubled the tale of victims. 20,331 people of Jhansie are reported to have died in 1869, compared with 3,180 in 1868.
Page 17 - ... the canal was more clearly seen in 1868-69, when the returns showed 59 per cent, of the cultivated area as irrigated, and of this 129,088 acres got their water from the canal, and threefourths of this area were under food-grains. Still the drought was very injurious to tracts like Khair and Atrauli which were unprotected by canals or wells. " Owing to the late and scanty rains of July, 1868, a less breadth than usual of food-crops was sown, and the produce on dry lands was stunted and withered....
Page 67 - The rain-fall of an ordinary season varies from 30 to 40 inches : in 1867, 45 inches fell ; in 1869, 46 inches. The supply from June to the end of November, 1868, barely exceeded 14 inches, and that amount was unequally distributed. In June, 1 '8 inches were marked; in July, 8 '2 ; in August, 0'2 ; in September, 2...
Page 5 - Provinces, issued his oft-quoted order that " every district officer would be held personally responsible that no deaths occurred from starvation which could have been avoided by any exertion or arrangement on his part or that of his subordinates...
Page 77 - The change to abundance of grass and water upon the setting-in of the rains in 1869, is said to have destroyed large numbers ; and the stench arising from thousands of carcasses polluted the air, and contributed to the outbreak of cholera, which was the last plague that visited the district.
Page 73 - Thakoor zemindars expressed their readiness to work for bread. In April — that is, immediately after the harvest — grain became cheaper, and wheat could be got at 14 seers, but the people were so impoverished they had no hope of sowing the rain-crops unless Government would advance money for seed. Cholera broke out in June, 1869, and raged throughout the early months of the rainy season. The monsoon appeared about the 28th of June, and there was no further anxiety so far as concerned agriculture....

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