A New English Grammar, Logical and Historical: By Henry Sweet, Part 1

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Clarendon Press, 1900 - English language
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Page 13 - For so the whole round earth is every way Bound by gold chains about the feet of God.
Page 140 - Most of the letters have four forms in writing, depending on whether they occur at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a word or whether they stand separately.
Page xxiii - General grammar (philosophical grammar), which is not concerned with the details of one special language or family of languages, but with the general principles which underlie the grammatical phenomena of all languages. In dealing with such a phenomenon as reduplication, general grammar asks (a) what are the facts about reduplication in those languages in which we can observe it clearly? and (b) what is the explanation of those facts — what are the general principles on which they depend?
Page 101 - Hood. 293. By the moods of a verb we understand grammatical forms expressing different relations between subject and predicate. Thus, if a language has special forms to express commands as distinguished from statements, we include the forms that express command under the term
Page 100 - For the purpose of such statements the present is best suited, as being in itself the most indefinite of the tenses. When the present is used in this way without implying any real distinctions of time, we call it the neutral present. Other tenses may be used as neutral tenses. In Latin the perfect (' gnomic perfect ') is employed as a neutral tense as well as the present. 290. Although we have confined ourselves hitherto to tbe meanings of tenses, it must not be forgotten that 'tense' always implies...
Page 3 - ... form and meaning separately, but with the connections between them, these being the real phenomena of language. PROVINCE OF GRAMMAR. 18. But it is only a part of these linguistic phenomena that fall under the province of grammar. Grammar — like other sciences — deals only with what can be brought under general laws and stated in the form of general rules, and ignores isolated phenomena.
Page 288 - COMPOUND-STRESS. 918 . In Present English some words made up of inseparable elements take even stress as if they were compound words. 919. Some prefixes which have a very definite meaning and are phonetically capable of being detached from the body of a word have in consequence come to be felt as independent words, the prefix and the body of the wor"d being balanced against one another, as it were, by each receiving equal stress. Foreign, as well as native, inseparable prefixes are treated in this...
Page ii - Prepositions are so named, because they were originally prefixed to the verb to modify its meaning (Morris : Elementary Lessons in Historical English Grammar).
Page 94 - I have come to see you combines the two ideas ' I came here ' and ' I am here now.' So also he has lived here a good many years means that he lived here in the past, and lives here in the present. The perfect therefore expresses an occurrence which began in the past and is connected with the present, either by actual continuance up to the present time, as in the latter example, or in its results...
Page 4 - I called as distinguished from / call, the change of / hold into / held, and the substitution of / went for 1 go, all mean exactly the same thing — namely the change from present to past time. ISOLATION ; IRREGULARITY. 20. We have seen that the phenomena of language are of two kinds : those that can be brought under general rules, and those that cannot (18). The only phenomena that can be brought under general rules are those that have something in common by which they are associated together in...

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