A New Critique of Theoretical Thought: The necessary presuppositions of philosophy

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H.J. Paris, 1953 - Knowledge, Theory of
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A New Critique of Theoretical Thought (originally in 3 volumes, with an extensive 4th index volume)
Written by Herman Dooyeweerd, it is a translation and revision of his 1935 Dutch language work
entitled De Wijsbegeerte der Wetsidee (roughly, The Philosophy of the Law-Idea or "Cosmonomic Philosophy")
The first volume, entitled The Necessary Presuppositions Of Philosophy, contains a fundamental critique of the long-standing belief that theoretical thought is autonomous. This is supplemented by an extensive analysis of the development of modern humanistic philosophy showing that it is in the grip of a supra-theoretical religious ground-motive. In addition it investigates the relationship between philosophy and worldview as well as an initial assessment of the foundational influence of philosophical conceptions on various special sciences or academic disciplines.
The second volume, entitled The General Theory of The Modal Spheres, develops a theory of relations between modes of being, meaning, time, in terms of an idea of irreducible and universal aspects. These distinct modes of reality reflect within themselves structural moments referring analogically to all the other modes - thus evincing the equally primary coherence between all aspects of reality. In this general theory of the modal aspects are addressed numerous perennial philosophical issues relevant for diverse academic disciplines, and a more detailed account of a theory of knowledge (epistemology).
The third, volume, entitled, The Structures of Individuality of Temporal Reality, analyzes concrete and individual totalities, i.e. things, processes and societal institutions and relationships that in principle function in all the modal aspects of reality discussed in the previous volume. The theory here considers the idea of an entity that cannot be described exhaustively through theoretical accounts; the idea of an individual whole as it is given in our concrete everyday experience that precedes its theoretical analysis. It introduces foundational functions and the guiding or qualifying functions of structures of individuality, and lays the basis for Dooyeweerd's philosophical anthropology developed in his work entitled Reformation and Scholasticism in Philosophy.


The modal aspects of reality as modi of mathematical
thought towards the origin

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