## A New Practical and Theoretical Arithemtic: In Which, in Addition to the Usual Modes of Operation, the Science of Numbers, the Prussian Canceling System, and Other Important Abbreviations, Hold a Prominent Place |

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### Common terms and phrases

50 cents 75 cents acres amount answer approximating fractions arithmetic barrels bushels called canceling cask cents per bushel cents per pound cents per yard ciphers circumference compound interest containing continued fraction cords cost cube root cubic currency diameter difference divide dividend division divisor dollars equal EXAMPLES factors feet long following Rule gain gallons give given number Hence hogshead hundred weight improper fraction Jlns least common multiple length lever lowest terms measure merator merchant bought miles mixed numbers months multiplicand multiply number of terms numerator and denominator observe operation ounces paid payment pecks pennyweights pint prime number principal problems proportion pupil quantity quarts quotient ratio Reduce remainder rix-dollars rods shillings 6 pence side solid square number square root subtract sugar Suppose tion vulgar fraction whole number yards of cloth

### Popular passages

Page 160 - The rule for casting interest when partial payments have been made is to apply the payment in the first place to the discharge of the interest then due.

Page 208 - Multiply each man's stock by the time he continues it in trade ; then say, as the sum of the products is to each particular product, so is the whole gain or loss to each man's share of the gain or loss. EXAMPLES. 1. A and B...

Page 133 - It is evident that the terms of a proportion may undergo any change which will not destroy the equality of the ratios ; or which will leave the product of the means equal to the product of the extremes.

Page 134 - If 8 men can build a wall 20 feet long, 6 feet high and 4 feet thick, in 12 days ; in what time...

Page 51 - AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce, marked oz. 16 ounces 1 pound Ib. 28 pounds 1 quarter qr. 4 quarters 1 hundred weight cwt. 20 hundred weight 1 ton T.

Page 136 - For, if we have given ab' = a'b, then, dividing by bb', we obtain Corollary. The terms of a proportion may be written In any order which will make the product of the extremes equal to the product of the means.

Page 55 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees...

Page 53 - TABLE. 4 gills (gi.) - make - - 1 pint, marked pt. 2 pints ------- 1 quart, - - - qt. 4 quarts ------ 1 gallon, - - - gal. 31£ gallons ------ 1 barrel, - - - bar. 63 gallons ------ 1 hogshead, - - hhd. 2 hogsheads ----- 1 pipe, - - - P.

Page 79 - OPERATIONS WITH FRACTIONS A) To change a mixed number to an improper fraction, simply multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction and add the numerator.

Page 182 - Multiply each payment by the time at which it is due ; then divide the sum of the products by the sum of the payments, and the quotient will be the time required.