A Practical Treatise on Hydraulic and Water-supply Engineering: Relating to the Hydrology, Hydrodynamics, and Practical Construction of Water-works, in North America. With Numerous Tables and Illustrations

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D. Van Nostrand, 1887 - Hydraulic engineering - 644 pages
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Contents

Ratios of Monthly Consumption of Water in 1874
43
Art 8 Statistics of Water Supplied 9 Census Statistics 10 Approximate
44
CHAPTER IV
45
Diagrams of Rainfall
46
Mean Rainfall in different River Basins
51
Rainfall in the United Stales
53
Volumes of Rainfall per minute for given inches of Rain per twenty four hours
62
Flood Volumes from given Watershed Areas
67
Summary of Rainfall upon the Cochituate Basin
72
Summary of Rainfall upon the Croton WestBranch Basin
73
Summary of Percentage of Rain Flowing from the Croton West Branch Basin
74
Summary of Volume of Flow from the Croton WestBranch Basin
75
Estimates of Minimum Mean and Maximum Flow of Streams
79
Monthly Ratios of Flow of Streams
76
Ratios of Mean Monthly Rain and Inches of Rain Flowing each Month
77
Equivalent Volumes of Flow for given Depths of Rain in One Month
82
Equivalent Volumes of Flow for given Depths of Rain in One Year
83
Statistics of Flow of Sudbury River Mass 830
84
2y Percentage of Rainfall Flowing from the Sudbury Basin
84
CHAPTER V
84
Evaporation from Water
89
Monthly Ratios of Evaporation from Reservoirs
92
Storage Art 59 Artificial Storage 60 Losses Incident to Storage 61
93
Croton Dam
94
Monthly Supply to and Draft from a Reservoir with Compensation
96
Monthly Supply to and Draft from a Reservoir without Compensa tion
97
Art 74 Estimate of Available Annual Flow of Streams 75 Estimate
100
Art 97 The Composition of Water 98 Solutions in Water 99 Properties
101
SPRINGS AND WELLS Page
104
Estimate of Collectible Rainfall lot 31 Percolation of Rain into One Square Mile of Porous Soil
111
Horizontal Turbines and Pumps
112
Analyses of Various Lake Spring and Well Waters
117
Analyses of Various River and Brook Waters lift 34 Analyses of Various Streams in Massachusetts
120
Analyses of Various Water Supplies from Domestic Wells
121
Artesian Well Temperatures
127
Analyses of Ice from a Stagnant Pond
136
CHAPTER IX
139
Analyses of Various Mineral Spring Waters
143
Art 148 Special Characteristics of Water 149 Atomic Theory 150 Molec
164
Weights and Volumes of Water at Different Temperatures
166
Pressures of Water at Stated Depths
172
Syphon 187 Pressure Convertible into Motion MOTION OF WATER
188
Correspondent Heights Velocities and Times of Falling Bodies 190
190
FLOW OF WATER THROUGH ORIFICES PAGE
194
Coefficients from Michelottis Experiments with Orifices
198
Coefficients from Bossuts Experiments with Orifices
199
Coefficients from Lespinasses Experiments with Orifices
201
Coefficients from General Elliss Experiments with Orifices
203
Coefficients for Rectangular Orifices vertical
205
Coefficients for Rectangular Orifices horizontal
206
CHAPTER XII
213
Castels Experiments with Convergent Tubes
217
Venturis Experiments with Divergent Tubes
219
Eylelweins Experiments with Compound Tubes
220
Art 225 An Ajutage 226 Increase of Coefficient 227 Adjutage Vacuum
222
Compound Duplex Pumping Engine
223
Coefficients of Efflux for Short Pipes
227
Experimental Coefficients of Flow by H Smith Jr
236
Experimental Coefficients of Flow m by Darcy
237
Experimental Coefficients of Flow m by Fanning
238
Experimental Coefficients of Flow m by Couplet
239
Experimental Coefficients of Flow m by Darcy
240
Tabulated Series of Coefficients of Flow m
242
Art 244 Pipe and Conduit 245 Short Pipes give Greatest Discharge 246
246
Coefficients for Clean Slightly Tuberculated and Foul Pipes
248
Various Formulas for Flow of Water in Pipes
252
Velocities v for given Slopes and Diameters
259
Ttbk No Page 65 Tables of k and li due to given Velocities
264
Values of tn and c for Tubes
267
Subcoefficients of Flow S in Pipes
271
Coefficients of Resistance in Bends
274
Measuring Weir for Turbine Test
277
of Resistance to Flow 287 Weisbachs Equation of Resistance to Flow
288
Coefficients for given Depths upon Weirs
289
Weights of Embankment Materials
341
Angles of Repose and Frictions of Embankment Materials
345
Distributing Reservoir 333
353
Art 345 Ultimate Economy of Skillful Construction 346 Embankment Foun
360
Sluice Valve
364
CHAPTER XVII
370
Dimensions of Water Supply and Irrigation Canals
373
I
377
WasteWeir Volumes for given Depths
380
Lengths and Discharges of WasteWeirs and Dams
381
Thicknesses of Masonry Weirs and Dams
387
Art 384 The Office and Influence of a WasteWeir 385 Discharges over
388
Dam on Natchaug River
391
Coefficients of Masonry Frictions
396
Art 395 Design 396 Theory of WaterPressure upon a Vertical Surface
397
Computed Pressures in Masonry
403
Limiting Pressures upon Masonry
404
Dimension of Walls to Retain Water
406
Dimension of Walls to Sustain Earth
420
Thicknesses of a Curvedface Wall
422
424 Inclination of Foundation 425 Front Batters and Steps 426
426
Conduit Sections
430
CHAPTER XX
431
Hydraulic Mean Radii for Circular Conduits
442
Coefficients m for Smooth Conduits
444
gla Coefficients of Flow in Conduits
445
CHAPTER XXI
446
Art 445 Static Pressures in Pipes 446 Thickness of Shell resisting Static
451
Thicknesses of Castiron Pipes
455
Thicknesses of Castiron Pipes as used in several Cities
456
Parts of an Inch and Foot expressed Decimally
457
Dimensions of Castiron Waterpipes
461
Flange Data of Flanged Castiron Pipes
462
Various Formulas for Thicknesses of Castiron Pipes
465
Weights of Castiron Pipes
468
987 Weights of Castiron Pipes as used in several Cities
469
Branch Reducer and Bend
478
Thicknesses of Wrought iron Pipe Shells
486
ICO Thicknesses and Weights of Iron Plates
488
I
493
XOI Friclional Head in Pipes
495
Relative Discharging Capacities of Pipes
500
Depths to lay Water pipes in different Latitudes
502
Elementary Dimensions of Pipes
504
Maximum Advisable Velocity of Flow in Pipes
508
Flush Fire Hydrants
509
Diameters of Pipes to Supply given Numbers of Hose Streams
510
Experimental Volumes of Fire Hydrant Streams
520
Frictional Head in Service Pipes
528
CHAPTER XXIII
530
Dimensions of Filterbeds for given Volumes
554
CHAPTER XXIV
557
no Piston Spaces for given Arcs of Crank Motion
562
in Ratios of Piston Motions for given Crank Arcs
564
Compound Beam PumpingEngine Lynn
567
Geared PumpingEngine Providence
573
Costs of Pumping in Various Cities
575
Special Trial Duties of Various Pumping Engines
580
Comparative Consumptions of Coal at Different Duties
581
Fuel Expenses for Pumping compared on Duty Bases
582
Comparison of Values of Pumping Engines on Fuel Bases
584
Tank StandPipe South Abington
584
CHAPTER XXV
585
Tank Stabilities of Position
589
Pitch and Sizes of Rivets
592
Factors for Metal Tank Stand Pipes
594
Thickness of Sheets for Metal Stand Pipes
596
Experiments with Hollow Cylindrical Beams
600
CHAPTER XXVI
603
Metric Weights and Measures
611
Formulas for Diameters and Strengths of Shafts
617
Tensile Strengths of Cements and Mortars
623
Weights of Lead and Tinlined ServicePipes
629

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Page 632 - In order to clear the throat, place the patient gently on the face, with one wrist under the forehead, that all fluid, and the tongue itself, may fall forward, and leave the entrance into the windpipe free.
Page 633 - Repeat these movements deliberately and perseveringly, fifteen times only in a minute. (When the patient lies on the thorax, this cavity is compressed by the weight of the body, and expiration takes place. When he is turned on the side, this pressure is removed, and inspiration occurs.) 6th. When the...
Page 103 - ... sandstones, limestones and chalks, according to their textures, and they are capable of absorbing from 10 to 20 per cent. of their equal volumes of water. " The primary and secondary formations, according to geological classification, as for instance granites, serpentines, trappeans, gneisses, mica slates and argillaceous schists, are classed as impervious rocks, as are usually the several strata of pure clays that have been subjected to great superincumbent weight. "The crevices in the impervious...
Page 633 - Meantime, and from time to time, to excite inspiration, let the surface of the body be slapped briskly with the hand. gth. Rub the body briskly till it is dry and warm, then dash cold water upon it, and repeat the rubbing.
Page 632 - Replace the patient on his face ; 6. Turn the body gently, but completely, on the side and a little beyond, and then on the face, alternately ; repeating these measures deliberately, efficiently, and...
Page v - FANNING, JT A Practical Treatise on Hydraulic and Water-supply Engineering. Relating to the Hydrology, Hydrodynamics and Practical Construction of Water-works in North America.
Page 137 - ... in suspension more than 3 parts by weight of dry mineral matter, or 1 part by weight of dry organic matter in 100,000 parts by weight of the liquid.
Page 137 - ... polluting and inadmissible into any stream : — (a.) Any liquid which has not been subjected to perfect rest in subsidence ponds of sufficient size, for a period of at least six hours, or which, having been so subjected to subsidence, contains in suspension more than one part by weight of dry organic matter in 100,000 parts by weight of the liquid...
Page 138 - Any liquid possessing an acidity greater than that which is produced by adding 2 parts by weight of real muriatic acid to 1000 parts by weight of distilled water.
Page 270 - WEISBACH'S FORMULA FOR THE FRICTION OF WATER IN PIPES. H = Head to overcome friction, in feet. L = Length of pipe, in feet. D = Internal diameter of pipe, in feet. V = Velocity of water, in feet per second.

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