A Preliminary Report of the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism

Front Cover
The Commission, 1965 - Biculturalism - 211 pages
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Contents

Structure of the Report
15
Part
17
Chapter 1
19
The Commission meets
21
The research program
22
The French Canadians grievances
23
Equal partnership
24
Opinions A warning
25
The Englishspeaking minority in Quebec A privileged
83
position Replies of certain Englishspeaking Canadians
84
Bilingualism or dual unilingualism?
85
An error of fact Other themes
86
Divergences
87
Chapter 5
89
Introduction
91
Separatism A common ground
92

A great dialogue
26
First contacts
27
The other ethnic groups
28
The participants
29
The unique quality of the experience
30
The shock value of the experience
31
Part
33
Chapter 2
35
Introduction In Sudbury
37
In Sherbrooke and Three Rivers The inequalities
38
In London A barrier between the cultures
39
At the outset two different attitudes
40
Emergence of general themes Use of quotations
41
Chapter 3
43
Introduction
45
The two founding groups and the compact theory
46
Two nations The identity of Englishspeaking Canada A question of semantics?
48
A coincidence of opposites
49
Multiculturalism
50
The mosaic Third force
51
Unity in diversity Recognition of other languages?
52
Balkanization or assimilation
53
The unnaturalness of French language and culture in North America
54
The persistence of French Quebec dabord
55
D Presence of the United States
56
bicultural aspect of Canada
58
The U S as an example of cultural uniformity
59
Chapter 4
61
Introduction French Canadians points of view English speaking opinions
63
A Education
64
French schools for minority groups Complete educational system in French
65
French normal schools The question of bilingual schools
66
recruitment of teachers of French in Quebec
67
A shortage of qualified teachers and inefficient teaching methods Unfavourable environment
68
In Quebec
69
B Mass Media of Communication
71
A factor where ignorance is concerned
72
C The Public Services
73
Transportation
74
Schools for the children of members of the armed forces
75
A federal district
76
No overt discrimination but a disadvantageous position
77
Ambiguities The future
78
Silence on the part of Englishspeaking Canadians
79
Criticisms about the educational system in Quebec
80
E Frenchspeaking minorities and the Englishspeaking minority in Quebec
81
Problems of the Frenchspeaking Quebec and the minorities Few reactions among the Englishspeaking
82
Englishspeaking Canadian militant reaction A Quebec problem
93
Economically impractical Political manoeuvring? A vicious circle
94
A national problem
95
A summary
96
Variations on the same theme
97
the concentration of French Canadians in Quebec
98
Concessions up to a point
99
Implications for the Englishspeaking minority in Quebec
100
Practical adjustments
102
The same feeling of compulsion
103
Part Three
105
Chapter 6
107
Introduction
109
suddenly The demands of the young professionals and intellectuals A crushed society and a dynamic society
110
A distinct society
111
A life apart
113
Their human preoccupation Their contacts with the Frenchspeaking world
114
Artificial unity?
115
The separatists
116
The quasiseparatists
117
Common threads
118
The fate of the minorities
119
a different picture Close ties with the U S A
120
Architects of modern Canada A strong feeling for personal freedom The nation
122
The Englishspeaking minority of Quebec
123
Englishspeaking Canadians attitudes toward French Canada
124
Moderate but unaware
125
Various degrees of integration A cultural richness and a Canadian experience
126
The first Canadians
128
Equal partnership
129
Chapter 7
131
Introduction
133
Scars of past conflicts
134
Canadas existence threatened Adjustments
135
Grounds for hope
136
The will to negotiate
137
Need for a truer understanding
138
The imminence of perils
139
Postscript
141
Interim Opinions
143
The will to carry on
144
Appendices
147
Appendix I
149
Letters exchanged between the Prime Minister and Provincial Premiers
163
a Opening remarks of Mr A Laurendeau
177
c Working paper for the use of those preparing
183
into English in the text
203

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